"mesame alternativa"

ukan momavlisaken



X Ria werili e.w. opozicias - g. kelenjeriZe

X Cveni tragedia Cvenive marTlac zRvargadasuli tolerantobaa - al. sanduxaZe

X msoflios sazogadoebriobas, yvela keTili nebis adamians!

X saqarTvelos eqprezidentis interviu gazeT "÷STERREICH"-Si (19.08.2008) - al. sanduxaZe

X separatizmi da konstituciuri monarqia, qarTul-espanuri paralelebi - g. kelenjeriZe

X korufcia, privatizacia (`prixvatizacia~), federalizacia da eTnokonfliqtebi - av. kaxniaSvili

X msoflio sazogadoebriobas, demokratiuli qveynebis xelisuflebebs

X danaSaulis daviwyeba, wayrueba da maszed Tvalis daxuWva saqarTvelos mermisis ganadgurebaa - al. sanduxaZe

X kavkasiis geopolitikuri mniSvneloba da saqarTvelos dRevandeli orientirebi - t. futkaraZe

X mimdinare nacionalisturi isteria da misi SesaZlo Sedegebi

X qarTuli saxelmwifos mSeneblobisTvis - gia maisaSvili

X 200 wlovani patimroba - ia bagration-muxraneli

X xiznis fiqrebi samSoblos burusiT mocul momavalze - al. sanduxaZe

X mTavari problema

X X X

Ria werili e.w. opozicias

eTnofsiqologiis TvalsazrisiT, nebismieri sociumi, romelmac ar icis sakuTari qveynis damoukideblobis dRe, arc kiTxulobs mas, SeiZleba nihilisturi agoniis niSnebs amJRavnebdes da swored "kudabzikeTi" SeiZleba iyos panacea, rogorc qarTuli istoricizmis simbolo, ilias "bednier erTan erTad", misi morCili svlis SesaCereblad nihilisturi saxrCobelisken, ratomRac getos ebraelTa masebis morCil svlas rom magonebs krematoriumebisaken...

saqarTvelos teritoriuli rRveva ar iqneba SeCerebuli, vidre "qarTuli politikidan" gandevnili iqneba qarTuli, legitimuri, samarTlebrivi mxare, razec miuTiTebs 9 aprilisa da daxvretili mitingebis saerTo, legitimuri, istoriulad da saerTaSoriso samarTlis TvalsazrisiT kanonieri da marTali moTxovnebis gandevna-ar arseboba, miCqmalva...

nihilistur-ZerJinskiseuli teroriT desrealizebuli sazogadoebis marionetad gadaqcevisa da gamoyenebis mcdeloba im politikur aqciebSi, sadac ar iqneba pirvel rigSi 9 aprilisa da daxvretili mitingebis legitimuri anu demokratiuli moTxovnebi wamoyenebuli, am sazogadoebis mier sakuTar egzekuciaze xelismoweraa, albaT, da "saqarTvelos garegani da Sinagani mtruli Zalebis" mier mis gasanadgureblad-dasapyroblad da qarTvelTa EeTnikuri wmenda, genocidisa da gaeqsodirebisaTvis mowyobili "saerTaSoriso SeTqmulebis" gagrZelebaa udavod:

1991-93 wlebis samamulo omSi(!!!) da ara "samoqalaqo omSi". dapirispirebuli iyo ori mxare: saqarTvelos II demokratiuli respublika - qarTveli eri da misi damoukideblobis garanti II demokratiuli (anu legitimuri, qarTuli saxelmwifoebrivi interesebis dvrita-damcveli) xelisufleba, romelsac Tavs "revolucioneri qarTvelebi" ki ar daesxnen, rogorc mters surs warmoaCinos, aramed "saqarTvelos garegani da Sinagani mtruli Zalebi", iseve, rogorc es aRniSnulia b-ni saakaSvilisa da TiTqmis mTeli "qarTuli politelitis" mier sajarod 2004 wlis 24 ianvars xelmoweril "erovnuli Tanxmobis deklaraciaSi"...

Tu mexsiereba ar mRalatobs, erovnul moZraobas arasodes miumarTavs de faqto komunisturi ZalauflebisTvis gadadgomis ultimatumiT, rac leninis ideologiaze dadis da putCistebma gamoiyenes...

... 9 aprilis erovnuli moZraobisa da daxvretili mitingebis politikuri, samarTlebrivi moTxovnebi dResac aqtualuria. sasicocxlod mniSvnelovania saqarTvelosTvis Semdegi ideologiuri teroris dauyovnebliv aRkveTa:

- 1991-93 wlebSi saqarTveloSi iyo samoqalaqo omi - tyuilia!

es sicrue borot miznebs isaxavs da eTnofsiqikis desrealizebis saSiSi mcdelobaa namdvili bazaleTis mosawyobad, romelic SeiZleba sabediswero aRmoCndes saxelmwifoebrivi rRveva-gaqrobis stadiaSi myofi saqarTvelosTvis.

swored amitom, 3 ianvris sazogadoeba - qarTuli droSebiTa da "represiuli reJimis" mier daxvretil qarTvelTa suraTebiT moiTxovs da acxadebs:

qarTvelebo, mteria saqarTvelosi is nebismieri "politikosi" an "politikuri partia", romelic imeorebs da agrZelebs putCistebis anu antiqarTuli Zalebis mier mowyobil "saerTaSoriso SeTqmulebas saqarTvelos winaaRmdeg", rac konkretulad gamoixateba Semdeg marTlsawinaaRmdego-danaSaulebriv anu dasjad, samarTlebrivi TvalsazrisiT, ideologiur diversiebSi:

1. 1991-93 wlebis samamulo omis putCistur-dampyrobluri, cruistoriuli da danaSaulebrivi terminiT - e.w. "samoqalaqo omi"-T moxsenieba.

2. mtkiceba, viTom, adamianTa uflebebis saerTaSoriso deklaraciis preambuliT - adamianebs es deklaracia mouwodebs 7 noembris anu didi oqtombris socialistur-leninuri, sisxliani revoluciisken, adamianTa sicocxlis ganadgurebisken...

amas cdilobda sisxliani xunta da maSinve vpasuxobdiT, rom es iyo sazogadoebis motyuebis mcdeloba, Tavad am deklaraciis 29 da 30 muxlebis darRveva, romelic krZalavs am deklaraciis yvela iseT interpretacia-gamoyenebas, romelic ewinaaRmdegeba am deklaraciis Seqmnis mizansa da suliskveTebas, romlis koavtorebmac mahaTma gandis wlis gamocxadebiT, kidev erTxel Seaxsenes kacobriobas, rom tiraniis winaaRmdeg brZolis ukanaskneli meTodi "ara-zianis" ideologiis erovnuli da samoqalaqo daumorCilebloba iyo mahaTma gandisa da 1989 wlis 9 aprilis qarTuli sazogadoebisTvis, xolo leninis antiadamianuri "sazogadoeba" iZireba sisxlSi da mas araviTari, saerTo ara aqvs arc 1989 wlis 9 aprilis sazogadoebasTan da arc adamianTa uflebebis saerTaSoriso deklaraciasTan, romelic swored msgavsi, vandaluri aqtebis prevenciisTvis Seiqmna swored, rogoricaa sisxliani ajanyebebi, genocidi, eTnowmenda, samxedro agresiebi, adamianTa wameba, zogadad - sisxli da Zaladoba, romelic samarTlebriv politikur oms-brZolas aZevebs politikuri arenidan da romlis aRkveTa wmidaTawmida valia, albad, TiToeuli keTili nebis adamianisa da TiToeuli erisa, maT Soris, ra Tqma unda, Cvenic - qarTvelebisa.

- erTaderTi samarTlebrivi berketi - 1989 wlis 9 aprilis legitimuri qarTuli moTxovnebi da zogadad, damxobili erovnuli xelisuflebis mier gagrZelebuli qarTuli saxelmwifoebrivi strategiuli politika da legitimuri iuridiuli politikuri bazaa, iseve, rogorc I demokratiuli respublikis legitimuri samarTlebriv politikuri baza (1920 wlis 7 maisis xelSekruleba...), romlis saSualebiT, 1989 wlis 9 aprilis sazogadoebam, 1991 wlis 9 aprils gamoacxada, 1921 wlis 25 Tebervlis "nanatri" gasabWoeba, - istoriul siyalbed.

igi ewinaaRmdegeboda ruseT-saqarTvelos 1920 wlis 7 maisis saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebas da faqtobrivad iyo agresia, okupacia da aneqsia saqarTvelosi sabWoTa ruseTis mier. es paqti dResac aqtualuri da vigenturia diplomatiuri TvalsazrisiT da, gulwrfelad vfiqrob, igi ar aris arc antirusuli an antiamerikuli an antiCinuri ganwyobis, piriqiT: mimaCnia. rom kavkasiuri da saerTo regionuli mSvidobis erTaderTi samarTlebrivi garantia, da imas vgulisxmob, rom: ruseTma, sakuTari saxelmwifoebrivi interesebidan gamomdinare, unda daicvas es xelSekruleba, scnos iCqeriis suvereniteti... rac kavkasias gadaaqcevs misadmi keTilganwyobil megobrad da am megobrobas namdvilad ar SeuSlis xels danarCen samyarosTan megobroba da keTilganwyoba. saqarTvelo da qarTveli eri ar aris arcerTi eris mteri da is Zalebi, romelnic cdiloben saqarTvelos aseTad warmoCenas, iliam gaSifra Tavis "qvaTa RaRadSi", - iliam warmosTqva qarTveli eris politikuri saxelmwifoebrivi samarTliani manifesti - "Cveni Tavi Cvenadve gveyudneso", rom ganacxada qarTveli erisa da TiToeuli keTili nebis adamianis winaSe, romelic putCistebma (iuridiuli terminia da ara "Se finTos" Zaxili, romelic ar aris iuridiuli termini. Cven ar vebrZviT pirovnebebs, Cven vebrZviT saqarTvelos ganadgurebis ideas!..) provinciul faSizmad, qsenofobiad, "avtoritaruli diqtaturis" lozungad monaTles da moCqmales - tabu daades, radgan Cvenma megobrebma, SecdomiT gadawyvites politikuri TamaSidan qarTuli legitimuri mxaris gandevna...

gvsurs, vifiqroT, rom -ideologiurma diversantebma-qarTveli eris mtrebma, araqarTulma-antiqarTulma mxarem SecdomaSi Seiyvana demokratiuli qveynebis mTavrobebi praRis 24 dezimformatoruli deklaraciiT, riTic brali dasdo saqarTvelos osebis ar arsebul devna-genocidSi. am kriminali diversantebis didi nawili kvlav "qarTul politelitaSia" da 3 ianvris sazogadoeba sTxovs maT, rom msoflios winaSe aRiaron, rom tyuilia miTi II demokratiuli xelisuflebis faSistobis Sesaxeb, rogoradac scnoben mas dResac demokratiul samyaroSi, TiTqmis yvela qveynis mTavrobebi, rac imas niSnavs, rom II demokratiuli anu qarTuli xelisufleba DdResac represirebuli da gandevnilia. - es ki, politikuri anbanidan gamomdinare, imaze miuTiTebs, rom saqarTvelo ar aris damoukidebeli qveyana.

saqarTvelos mtrebi da gabriyvebulni qarTvelni, vidre am winadadebas saqarTvelosadmi mtrobad an bodvad gamoacxadeben, an subieqtur azrad, "3 ianvris sazogadoeba, qarTuli droSebi" unda SeekiTxos maT, Tu rodis aRsdga 1991-93 wlebis samamulo omSi Sewyvetili legitimuroba xelisuflebisa anu damoukidebloba qveynisa...

rodis, rodis aRsdga, batonebo, legitimuri xelisufleba, daasaxeleT konkretuli TariRi!

- magaliTad: 1921 wlis 25 Tebervlis agresia-okupacia-aneqsiiT Sewyvetili legitimuri politikuri xazi, saqarTveloSi aRsdga, TiTqmis 70 wliani ukanono, de faqto komunisturi mmarTvelobis Semdeg - 1990 wlis 28 oqtombers.

es TariRi CemTvis saqarTvelos damoukideblobis faqtobrivi aRdgenis TariRia, romelic iuridiulad gaformda 1991 wlis 31 martis referendumis legitimuri (samarTlebrivi) Sedegebis gaTvaliswinebiT - 1991 wlis 9 aprils, romelic samarTlebrivi TvalsazrisiT aris saqarTvelos damoukideblobis aRdgenis dRe! romlis zeimic aRar daacales qarTvel xalxTan erTad mis msaxur anu kanonier xelisuflebas, romelic daamxes saqarTvelos gareganma da Sinaurma mtrulma Zalebma. 1991-93 wlebis samamulo omSi maT daamarcxes saqarTvelo, rac kanonieri konstituciis faqtobrivi gauqmebiTa da dakarguli damoukideblobiT gamoixata, rasac qveynis ganadgurebisa da qarTvelTa makroeTnikuri deportacia-eqsodis savalalo procesis dawyeba mohyva, romelic gagrZeldeba iqamde vidre ar iqneba dasaxelebuli legitimuri wyvetis-damoukideblobis aRdgenis TariRi!

mteri-nihilist-teroristia is vinc ecdeba am kiTxvaze Tavis aridebas.

vimeorebT, "kudabzikeTis" nihilisturi agoniis siraqlemis stadiaze metyvelebs, nebismieri sociumis fsiqikuri mdgomareoba, romelmac ar icis sakuTari qveynis damoukideblobis dRe da romelsac tilaZeebad da rwyilaZeebad gadaqcevas upireben isini, vinc ar moiTxovs nebismieri politikuri Zalisgan - legitimuri anu qarTuli saxelmwifoebrivi interesebiT, moTxovnebiTa da samarTlebrivi politikuri baziT (yazbegis xelSekruleba, groznos dokumenti, 1991 wlis 27 aprilis mimarTva-gancxadeba qarTuli xelisuflebisa saerTaSoriso Tanamegobrobisadmi, saq. kanonieri (de iure) konstitucia da a. S.) xelmZRvanelobas!..

-Mmteria is, vinc Sida qarTls arqmevs leniniseul, ukanono, kapitulantur, danaSaulebriv(!!!) e.w.- "samxreT oseTs"!

- mteria is, vinc cruobs, rom viTomdac afxazi qarTveli araa da afxazi calke eria! (es iseTive imperiuli da antikavkasiuri absurdia, rogorc magaliTad qiziyeli, tamboveli da maiameli "eri") - saqarTveloSi ar arsebobs eTnokomfliqtebi!..

prioriteti qarTuli mxarisTvis legitimuri konstituciuri wesrigis aRdgena iyo saqarTvelos mTels teritoriaze. mTavari moTxovna 9 aprilisa da daxvretili mitingebisa "sakuTar miwaze Tavisuflebis pretenziaa", romelic faSizmi ki ar gaxlavT, rogorc es kacobriobis mtrebs surT rom warmoaCinon, aramed RvTiT miniWebuli, universaluri uflebaa nebismieri erisa, Tu is arsebobs, rogorc eri da Tu mas aqvs-hqonia sakuTari patria de origen.

- magaliTisTvis hatikvas momReral sazogadoebas mousmineT, batonebo da darwmundebiT, rom mSvenieri da amaRlebuli patriotizmis gareSe crua kosmopolitizmi, romelic Tavisi namdvili gagebiT swored samSoblosadmi TavganwirviT da "ara-zianis" politikidan iwyeba idealSi. amis Sesaxeb vaJa-fSavela ganmartavs kargad Tavis esseSi...

...7 noemberi, samwuxarod ar iyo 9 aprili, rogoradac surT rom warmoaCinon saqarTvelos mtrebma, romelTac arc erTi kanonieri da prioritetuli(!!!) moTxovna ar wamouyenebiaT, misi udidebulesoba qarTveli xalxis winaSe,E- romelic sakuTarma qarTvelobam da mamulis siyvarulma gamoiyvana quCaSi da ara vinmesadmi siZulvilma, rac ucxoa 9 aprilisa da daxvretili mitingebis sazogadoebisaTvis, romelnic isev iq dganan - sadac ver daaCoqes! da kvlav icaven saqarTvelos...

mterma ver unda SeZlos qarTveli xalxis motyueba da ver unda gadaaqcios 9 aprili (ilias gza) - barabas gzad da oqtombris sisxlian revoluciad, yoveli wlis 7 noembers rom dResaswaulobda "rusuli" imperialisturi diqtatura.

mterma ver unda SeZlos 9 aprilis 7 noembrad gadaqceva, risi Tavidan acileba SesaZlebelia, mxolod, qarTveli eris mier legitimuri 9 aprilis moTxovnebis wamoyenebiT - aralegitimuri opozicia-oficiozisadmi.

- mxolod ase SeiZleba, samarTlebrivi midgomiT, dasruldes "eduard-Sou"- 1991 wlis 22 dekembers "saxelmwifo samxedro gadatrialebaSi gadazrdili", romelic (gvsurs davijeroT, rom motyuebuli dasavleTis Tanxmobis fonze) rusuli samxedro intervenciiT, okopaciiTa da aneqsiiT, saqarTvelos saxelmwifoebrivi rRveviTa da qarTvelTa eqsodiT mimdinareobs dResac, romlis fsiqostruqtura mkafiodaa aRwerili akaki wereTlis im miviwyebul winaswarmetyvelur zRaparSi - "kudabzikeTi" rom hqvia.

3 ianvris sazogadoeba iTxovs - putCis gasamarTlebas, misi damangreveli Sedegebis aRmofxvris mizniT. oficiozsa da cruopozicias unda moeTxovos, sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsSi cvlilebebis Setana, rac igulisxmebs Tavisuflebis aRkveTas Sida qarTlis e.w. "samxreT oseTad" Seracxvis propagandisTvis.

- mavans diqtatorul provinciul faSizmad rom ar moeCvenos es azri, avRniSnav, rom safrangeTSi patimrobiT isjeba holokostis uaryofa, xolo espaneTSi etas marqsisti teroristebis sityvieri mxardaWera...

qarTuli mxare, 1989 wlis 9 aprilis sazogadoeba, daxvretili mitingebis, 3 ianvris sazogadoeba asaCivrebs qarTvelTa masobriv mkvlelobebs! TiToeul moklul qarTvelze prokuraturaSi saCivari unda Sevides rac dasawyisi iqneba putCis gasamarTlebisa, rasac mohyveba legitimuri xelisuflebis aRdgena saqarTveloSi, rac sxva araferia Tu ara legitimuri konstituciuri wesrigis aRdgena da saqarTvelos teritoriuli rRvevis SeCereba, legitimuri samarTlebrivi baziT xelmZRvaneloba.

9 aprili - iyo da iqneba gamarjveba anTebuli sanTlebiT xelSi!..

9 aprili qarTvelTa erovnuli aRorZinebis dRea, iseve, rogorc Tavisufali iCqeriisTvis 23 Tebervali...

daxvretili mitingebi ver daaCoqes, isini mkvdreTiT aRsdgebian, roca qarTul droSebTan erTad wamebulTa suraTebi kanceliariidan krwanisamde gamoifineba.

- diax -krwanisamde megobrebo, radgan saqarTvelos faqtobrivi mmarTveli kvlav eduard SevardnaZea da Cveni moTxovna misdami aris is. rom igi daeTanxmos (aRiaros) 9 aprilisa da 3 ianvris legitimur samarTlian da samarTlebriv-konstituciur mSvidobian moTxovnebs, ris gareSec mTeli pauxismgebloba mosalodneli tragikuli cru bataliebis gamo mas daekisreba da ara mis agentebs, romelnic namdvili kerpTayvanismcemluri uWkuobiT, nebsiT Tu uneblied msxverplad ewirebian mTavari saxelmwifo damnaSavis gegmebs.

mSvidobai iveriasa zeda.

- 2008 wlis agvistos agresiis Sesaxeb rusuli oficiozi ganuwyvetliv acxadebda sakuTari qmedebebisa da rusuli jaris statusis "legitimurobasa da kanonierebas", Sesabamisobas saerTaSoriso samarTalTan - dagomisis (24/06/1992) ukanono xelSekrulebis safuZvelze, romliTac faqtobrivad politikuri da ideologiuri okupacia moxda Sida qarTlisa, rodesac mas "saqarTvelos gareganma da Sinaurma mtrulma Zalebma e.w. sabWouri "samxreT oseTi" daarqves, xolo Tavad ruseTis mier okupaciur Zalad cnobil sabWoTa armias - e.w. "samSvidobo Zalebi"...

- igives imeorebda ruseTi dRe da Rame da yvelgan, maT Soris gaeroSic (arsebobs videomasala), sadac saqarTvelos warmoadgenda b-ni alasania, romelic erT-erTi lideria "qarTuli politelitis", igi sdums, roca ruseTi dagomisis xelSekrulebas afrialebs, iseve, rogorc sdums "qarTuli politelita" medvedev-Cipmanis gancxadebaze imis Sesaxeb. rom Turme "e. w. "samxreT oseTi" da afxazeTi mxolod 1992 wlidan Sedian saqarTvelos SemadgenlobaSi..." … (mwared maxsendeba jon lenonis muqara kacobriobisadmi - "warmoidgine, rom ar arseboben qveynebi"...)

"avahme Cemo mamulo..."

gamomdinare saqarTvelos saxelmwifoebrivi interesebidan da im principidan, rom "arc erTi qarTveli ar unda davaneboT kremlis satanas" b-ni alasania da yvela politikosi visac surs, iyos qarTveli politikosi valdebulia, dauyovnebliv daeTanxmos daxvretili mitingebisa da 9 aprilis qarTuli sazogadoebis kanonier samarTlian moTxovnebs, radgan winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi isini saqarTvelos mtrebad darCebian da maTi gadawyvetilebani ki legitimuri wonis armqone im faratina qaRaldebad, romelTanac qarTvel ers da qarTul saxelmwifos araviTari kavSiri-valdebuleba ar eqneba, iseve, rogorc groznos dokumentis ZaliT qarTvel ers araviTari kavSiri ar aqvs dagomisis, soWis, moskovisa da Jenevis molaparakeba-SeTanxmebebze, romelnic arian aralegitimurni samarTlebrivi TvalsazrisiT da arian antidemokratiulni, radgan politikuri molaparakebis mxareebad aRiareben arZimba-cagolovis rusul teroristul klanebs, romelTanac dialogi demokratiis safuZvlebis uaryofaa.

samarTlebrivi devna teroristebs! U

- nu geSiniaT, saqarTvelos mtrebo. Cveni, qarTvelTa survili, Tqveni ganadgureba ki ara - saqarTvelos dacva-gadarCenaa. RmerTma Tvalni agixiloT raTa gaimarjvoT, gadarCeT CvenTan erTad...

- samarTlianoba moiTxovs aRiniSnos, rom veTanxmebi "represiuli reJimis" defaqto prezidents, b-n SevardnaZes im gancxadebaSi, rodesac is saubrobs prixvatizebuli saqarTvelos erovnuli simdidris kanonier nacionalizaciaze, magram es ar aris sakmarisi. sTqviT, rom 1991-93 wlebSi saqarTveloSi iyo samamulo omi da sTqviT, rom araviTari "samxreT oseTi" ar arsebobs saqarTveloSi. Aam teritoriis istoriuli saxeli Sida qarTlia. sTqviT, rom afxazi qarTvelia da aRiareT legitimuri samarTlebrivi bazis prevalencia-aRmatebuleba da unikaluroba samarTlebrivi TvalsazrisiT. Tavad gamoacxadeT, isedac ukanono Tqveni gadawyvetilebani, rogoricaa, magaliTad, dagomisis, soWisa (qarTuli teritoria) da moskovis xelSekrulebani, romelTac afrialeben sakuTari qmedebebis gasamarTleblad ruseTi da misi marioneti teroristuli klanebi arZimba-cagolovisa... moiTxoveT putCis gasamarTleba!

es xelSekrulebani ukanonoa groznos (1992/13/03) dokumentis safuZvelze!

saqarTveloSi arc erT eTnoss ar Sehqmnia arasodes eTnikuri identobis dakargvis safrTxe. TbilisSi xom erTad dganan eklesia, meCeTi da sinagoga. roca mesmis, rom "saxelmwifo jandacva" vrceldeba 3 dan 60 wlamde asakis moqalaqeebisTvis, roca vxedav, rom erTi da imave samuSaos SesrulebaSi qarTveli muSa gacilebiT nakleb xelfass iRebs, mis gverdiT momuSave ucxoel muSasTan SedarebiT, roca qarTvelTa eTnikuri wmenda da genocidi-gaeqsodeba mimdinareobs rusuli WurvebiTa da megobarTa mxardaWeris fonze, ratomRac, ratomRac getos ebrauli eqsodi magondeba da saqarTvelo Tavad magonebs getos...

- saqarTvelo, romelic qarTvelTa patria de origenia...

- mSvidoba Tqvenda, vinc iRwviT qarTuli eqsodis dabrunebisTvis da vinc erTgulni xarT saqarTvelosi, visac gesmiT qarTuli CuqurTma da visac gsurT, rom yvelam erTad "movuaroT saqarTvelos..."

mSvidobai israelsa zeda.

RmerTma dalocos qarTveloba.

saukeTeso survilebiT da qarTuli guliT,

GgoCa kelenjeriZe

madridi, 2009 wlis 21 marti

P.S. erevan-baTumis magistralis mSeneblobisa da saerTod armenul-qarTuli mSvidobiani Tanacxovrebisa da politikuri dialogisTvis aucilebelia Semdegi moTxovnebis dakmayofileba:

1. lores okupirebuli qarTuli miwa-wylis saqarTvelosTvis dabruneba (1920 wlis dekembris armenuli okupacia);

2. javaxkisa da virkis teroristul organizaciebad gamocxadeba da maTi alagmva saqarTvelos teritoriidan samarTlebrivi devniT;

3. e.w. "samegrelos nacionalisturi partiis" samarTlebrivi devna;

4.EeTnikuri armenuli paramilitaruli razmis disolucia javaxeTSi;

5. bagramianis batalionis ideologebis samarTlebrivi devna orive mxaris mier;

6. saqarTvelos teritoriebis armenizaciis procesis dauyovneblivi Sewyveta;

7. muSa-xeli qarTuli unda iyos.

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aleqsandre sanduxaZe

Cveni tragedia Cvenive marTlac zRvargadasuli tolerantobaa

arasodes daaviwydeba baltiispirelebs 1940 weli, ungrelebs 1956 weli, Cexebs 1968, avRanelebs 1980 weli da vin moTvlis im sisxlian wlebs, romlebic didma rusma xalxma arguna maszed mcirericxovan erebs.

ruseTis faSisturma xelisuflebam aRiara e. w. "samxreT oseTisa" da "afxazeTis" damoukidebloba, ruseTi scdilobs saqarTvelos gaqrobas msoflio rukidan. saqarTvelos mimarT aseTi swrafva bevr dampyrobels hqonia, msoflios istoriaSi arsebul yvela imperias gaukravs basri klanWi saqarTvelosTvis, magram Cven yvela movineleT da gadavrCiT. uflis SewevniT es axlac ase iqneba! dampyroblebi saukuneebis manZilze jijgnidnen qarTul teritoriebs, magram damdgara dro Cven Cveni miwebi dagvibrunebia. ase iqneba momavalSic da sul male! sul male daiSleba ruseTis imperia, magram mis daSlamde ruseTi saerTod gaaqrobs da gaanadgurebs os da afxaz xalxs. ruseTs osi xalxi jerjerobiT saqarTvelos da kavkasieli xalxebis winaaRmdeg sWirdeba da maTi "damoukideblobac" amas Seewireba.

saqarTvelos dapyrobisas, ruseTma sul bolos gaauqma afxazeTis qarTuli samTavro. namdvilma afxazma xalxma mas sastiki winaaRmdegoba gauwia, radgan isini TavianT Tavs yovelTvis saqarTvelos ganuyofel nawilad miiCnevdnen. gaborotebulma ruseTma ahyara afxazi xalxi saqarTvelos miwebidan da TurqeTsa da arabul qveynebSi gahyara. es dRe daudgebaT sul male afxazebad wodebul aTasi juris separatists, romlebic Tavisuflad danavardoben am ZirZvel qarTul miwaze!

rusebis wyalobiT dRes gadaSenebis pirasaa misuli Soreuli aRmosavleTis xalxebi, CrdiloeT kavkasis xalxebi. rusebis mier aw gadaSenebulia jiqebi da ubixebi. sul male gavigebT, rom "samxreT-oseTis damoukidebeli respublika" da afxazeTi "TavianTi surviliT" gaerTiandnen ruseTis federaciis SemadgenlobaSi". xolo raRac aTwleulis Semdeg ruseTis imperiis namsxvrevebze aRar darCeba osTa da afxazTa saxsenebeli.

Cven momxre varT, rom yvela xalxi Tavisufali iyos da hqondes Tavisufali da damoukidebeli samSoblo, magram ara sxvis xarjze, sxvis miwaze. es exebaT osebsac. xom arsebobs qveyana, romelic ruseTis imperiis SemadgenlobaSia da iwodeba "CrdiloeT oseTad", romlis dedaqalaqi rusul imperiul saxels - "vladikavkaz"-s atarebs. gamoacxados am xalxma damoukidebloba da qarTveli xalxic miesalmeba maT damoukideblobas. magram es ar moxdeba da iciT ratom? imitom, rom osebi kavkasiaSi ruseTis mexuTe kolonaa kavkasieli xalxebis winaaRmdeg mimarTuli! da Tu gabedavs da gaTamamebuli osi xalxi gamoacxadebs Tavis suverenitets, maSin CeCneTis tragedia mogonili iqneba. miuxedavad CeCneTis dRevandeli mdgomareobisa, gmiri CeCeni xalxi dResac arsebobs, brZoliT daRlili icdis da elodeba saboloo gamarjvebis zaris Camokvras! es imitom, rom isini marTlac namdvili Tavisuflebis moyvare xalxia da vinc WeSmarit Tavisuflebas eswrafvis, is gaimarjvebs, xolo os xalxs arasodes ubrZolia namdvili TavisuflebisTvis. maT genSi es muxti ar arsebobs da aqedan gamomdinare mas gardauvali daRupva emuqreba da es axdeba ruseTis "mfarvelobis" meoxebiT.

saqarTveloSi ebraelma, asirielma, berZenma, boSa, somexma da sxva xalxeba ise icxovra cremli raa, sisxlis wveTi ar dasdeniaT erovnul niadagze arasdros! Tu RmerTma hqna da gamofxizldebiT, iqneb gaixsenoT rusuli antisemituri politika, ebraelTa Jleta da pogromebi, iqneb gaixsenoT CeCnebis, inguSebis, daRestneli xalxebis saukuneebis manZilze mimdinare genocidi. CeCenma xalxma jer kidev 17 wlis win gamoacxada damoukidebloba da ra moimoqmedes? ratom ar misces Tavisufleba gmir CeCen xalxs, romlebsac rusebi banditebad da teroristebad asaReben mTels msoflioSi? sisxlis tbebi jerac ar SemSrala gadamwvari iCqeriis miwaze!

rusebis mier damonebul xalxebs xom amouSanTes mSobliuri ena, sakuTari gvar-saxelebi da tradiciebi? CvenTan ki saqarTveloSi afxazebs, osebs, somxebs, azerbaijanelebs, rusebs sakuTari skolebi, umaRlesi saswavleblebi, gazeTebi, Teatri, radio da telegadacemebi yovelTvis hqondaT da axlac aqvT.

rusebma saqarTvelos dapyrobis pirvel wlebSive gaauqmes saqarTvelos saxelmwifoebrioba, qarTuli marTlmadidebluri eklesiis avtokefalia, gaZarcves da daitaces saeklesio Tu saero simdidre, qarTuli ena gamodevnes eklesiidan da yofacxovrebidan. rusebi xom qarTul enas ZaRlis enas eZaxdnen! waikiTxeT rusi saeklesio moRvawis nikoloz durnovis naSromi, saidanac gaigebT, Tu ra Savi dRe daayara "erTmorwmune" fsevdomarTlmadideblurma ruseTma patara saqarTvelos.

"erTmorwmune" rusma xalxma qristianoba alkoholuri sasmelis siyvarulis gamo miiRo. qristianobamde rusul tomebSi gavrcelda musulmanoba, romelic krZalavda alkoholuri sasmelebis miRebas, xolo rusi misi vodkis gareSe ver iarsebebda, amitom ruseTis maSindelma mTavarma werilobiT bodiSi mouxada musulmanTa sasuliero liderebs da atyobinebda mizezs sarwmunoebis Secvlisas. miuxedavad rusuli eklesiis bevri sasiqadulo wmindanisa, rusuli suli mainc fsevdomarTlmadidebluri rCeba, misTvis ucxoa erTmorwmuneobrivi solidaroba da Tanamegobroba. waikiTxeT rusi filosofosis nikolai berdiaevis naSromebi da iqneb dainaxoT rusis saxe. waikiTxeT frangi mogzauri markiz de kiustinis wigni, romelic asaxavs mis mogzaurobas ruseTSi nikoloz I dros da naxavT, rom ruseTSi araferi ar Secvlila, ruseTi kvlav rCeba variagebis, paWanikebis, skviTebis, monRolebis narev hibridad. ruseTi igivea marad da marad!

TqvenTvis SemaZrwunebelia saqarTvelos Tavdasxma "samxreT oseTze"? es miwa isevea "samxreT oseTi", rogorc volgispireTis - nigeria an kosta-rika.

faSisturi - CvenTvis Zalian ucxo terminia, xolo imperialisturi suliT daavadebulTaTvis ki Zalian nacnobi, gana ra SeiZleba iyos imaze saSineli da saSiSi, rasac velikorusuli Sovinizmi hqvia saxelad? saqarTveloSi, evropisa da ruseTisagan gansxvavebiT arasdros yofila getoebi, sakoncentracio banakebi, adamianTa sacdeli laboratoriebi. saqarTveloSi mcxovreb umciresobebs arasodes vuwodebdiT "CuJebs", "Jidebs". saqarTvelo yovelTvis TavdacviT omebs awarmoebda da sakuTari miwidan ar wasula qarTveli sxvisi miwebis dasapyrobad da gadasawvavad. oTxasi weliwadi arc indoeTis miwaze gviTareSia, arc erT RameSi gagviwyvetia milionnaxevari umciresoba! arc barTlomes Rameebi, arc inkvizicia, arc jvarosnuli omebi axsovs qarTvels! arc sasuliero pirebiT gavsebuli gemebi CauZiravs qarTvels Sua zRvaSi! es mxolod sxvisgan daunaxavs, sxvisgan smenia! imitom rom, aseTi simxece sxvebisgan gansxvavebiT Cvens sulSi ar aris!

Cven vSromobdiT, cal xelSi saxnisi gveWira da calxelSi xmali momxdurTagan dasacavad. Cven uflis saxlebs vagebdiT, saqarTvelos miwa gadaWedili iyo eklesia monastrebiT, romlebic momxdurebis mier ingreoda da nadgurdeboda (saqarTvelos mTianeTSi erT patara sofelSi 67 eklesia dResac aris SemorCenili), vefxistyaosans vwerdiT da vqmnidiT Cvens sakuTar polifoniur simRerebsa da cecxlovan cekvebs, romlis badali dedamiwis zurgze arc arvis Seuqmnia aqamomdes! Cven ase vmRerodiT "TaTaric Cemi Zmaao" da kidev "kaci iyav kacuri da sadac ginda iq iloceo". Tqven ki cils gvwamebT - aratolerantebi xarTo!

Cven dRes Cveni samSoblos dacvisTvis, Cveni samSoblos siyvarulisTvis visjebiT, Cveni samSoblo CvenTvis yvelaferia. Cveni tragedia Cvenive marTlac zRvargadasuli tolerantobaa, uxsovari droidan Cveni karebi yovelTvis Ria iyo aTasi gaWirvebulisTvis, devnilisTvis, boganosa da maTxovarisTvis, bevrma sikeTe ukuRma Semogvibruna da dRevandeliviT laxvari Cagvca gulSi. magram Cven sikeTes RmerTs vukeTebdiT yovelTvis, aki ambobs qarTuli andaza "stumari RvTisaa"-o. karsmomdgari stumari CvenTvis miwaze mosiarule RmerTi iyo, amitomac vegebebodiT fexqveS, amasac xedavs RmerTi da amitomac vuZlebT amden qartexilebs, mtrad mosul ucxo Tesls, romelsac mudam hqonda saSualeba bednierad ecxovra saqarTveloSi, magram maT saqarTvelo uqarTvelebod moindomes da amitom Cagvagdes Sav dReSi.

samwuxaroa, rom saqarTvelos mTavrobam nebiT Tu uneblieT jer saqarTvelos uZravi qonebis absoluturi umravlesoba Caugdo ruseTs xelSi, exla kidev samaCablo da afxazeTi. Cveni qoneba da Cveni miwa Cvenive satiralia da RmerTis SewevniT dRes Tu xval davibrunebT aucileblad!!!

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SOS!

msoflios sazogadoebriobas, yvela keTili nebis adamians!

dRevandeli msoflios civilizebuli sazogadoebis Tvalwin xdeba sakacobrio danaSauli: zesaxelmwifo - ruseTis imperia, Cveni drois modernizirebuli xalxTa sapyrobile cdilobs miwis pirisgan aRgavos mezobeli, patara Tavisuflebis moyvare saxelmwifo saqarTvelo.

dRevandeli ruseTis imperia, borotulad iyenebs misi winamorbedis totalitaluri imperiis, sabWoTa kavSiris mier saqarTveloSi xelovnurad Seqmnil „avtonomiur“ warmonaqmnebs Tavisi mzakvruli miznebis gansaxorcieleblad, gadavida aSkara saomar moqmedebaze saqarTvelos, rogorc politikuri suverenis sruli ganadgurebisaTvis da amiT cdilobs aRadginos kavkasiis regionSi misi imperiuli hegemonia.

saqarTveloSi Seqnili e. w. eTnokonfliqtebi sinamdvileSi aris ruseTis imperiis mier inspirirebuli saomari kerebi, Seuwynarebeli separatizmi da eqstremizmi, romelsac samwuxarod Tavs ver aRwevs Cveni moZme afxazi da osi xalxi, romlebic TiTqos da „TviTgamorkvevisa da Tavisuflebisaken“ eswrafvian, sinamdvileSi eqstremistTa liderebi ver malaven ruseTis imperialistur miznebs da aRiareben kidec am qarTuli teritoriuli erTeulebis ruseTis imperiis SemadgenlobaSi Sesvlas.

mogmarTavT msoflios keTili nebis adamianebs, raTa aiZuloT Tqveni qveynebis mTavrobebi ruseTis imperiis mimarT mkveTri da radikaluri zomebis misaRebad! gawyviton moskovTan yovelgvari diplomatiuri da ekonomikuri TanamSromloba, ruseTi moaqcion srul saerTaSoriso izoliaciaSi da aiZulon SeaCeros vandaluri omi saqarTveloSi, saerTod kavkasiaSi da xeli aiRos saqarTvelos teritoriuli mTlianobis xelyofaze.

keTili nebis adamianebo, mogmarTavT dasaRupad ganwiruli qveynis moqalaqeebi, Tqveni aqtiuri mxardaWeriTa da TanadgomiT ixseniT patara qveyana sruli katastrofisa da ganadgurebisagan! pasiurobiTa da gulgrilobiT nu SeiqnebiT am danaSaulis iribi Tanamonawilebi! Cveni momavali Tqvens xelTaa!

RmerTma daglocoT!

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saqarTvelos eqprezidentis interviu gazeT "÷STERREICH"-Si (19.08.2008)

florian lemsi: Tqven rom dResac saqarTvelos prezidenti yofiliyaviT da ara saakaSvili, saqme mividoda iqamde, rom rusebi saqarTvelos mxareebSi Semovidodnen?

SevardnaZe: amis garantiebi ar arsebobs, rom ruseTi ar Semovidoda. saakaSvils nebismier SemTxvevaSi hqonda ufleba cxinvalis aRebisa. es saqarTvelos teritoriaa. me ufleba ara maqvs is amisaTvis gavakritiko.

florian lemsi: gorbaCovma am ramdenime dRis win Tqva, TiTqos saqarTvelo damnaSavea masSi, rac xdeba. ras ityviT Tqveni yofili Sefis am gamonaTqvamze?

SevardnaZe: es sruli idiotizmia, me vTvli, viRacam gorbaCovs mouTxro, rom is axla ase unda reagirebdes. me maxsendeba, rom misi Secdomebis gamo da boris elcinis Secdomebis gamo sabWoTa kavSiri 12 – 15 wliT adre daingra.

es mokle amonaridia im interviudan, romelic ssrks sagareo saqmeTa eqsministrma, saqarTvelos eqsprezidentma avstriis yoveldRiur gazeTs "÷STERREICH" misca.

TiTqosda uCveulo am kiTxva - pasuxSi araferia, magram...

swored rom, magram!

swored rom misi wyalobiT iqna es teritoriebi okupirebuli da mis mierve “samSvidobo mandatiT” aRWurvili ruseTis saokupacio jarebi Cayenebuli.

„msoflio donis politikosma“, „didma moazrovnem“, genSeris, qolis, beikeris, buSis, andriotisa da Tansu Cileris saamayo megobarma gaubedurebul saqarTvelos, rogorc misma sulierma winaparma stalinma, sabediswero bombebi dautova sabolo gadaSenebisa da moTxrisTvis!

TiTqos baltinis jarebi 1993 wlis Semodgomaze saqarTveloSi xo Si minis mowveviT Semovida da ara ruseTis emisrisa da namestnikis edvard-giorgi SevardnaZis mowveviT.

am beber melas xalxi marTla biTuri hgonia, TiTqos arvin araferi ar icodes!

saqarTvelos sasjeli, sulSi CafurTxeba da bedis ironia iyo is, rom damoukidebel saqarTvelos bolo aTi wlis manZilze marTavda kaci, romelsac saqarTvelos damoukideblobis referendumSi monawileoba ar miuRia, imitom rom Tavi cocxali aRar undoda Tu uzbekeTs mis samSoblod aRar moiazrebda!

aki mistiris warsulsa da mis partiul amxanagebs sastikad amunaTebs:

„rom misi (gorbaCovis) Secdomebis gamo da boris elcinis Secdomebis gamo sabWoTa kavSiri 12 – 15 wliT adre daingra“.

am sityvebs komentari ar sWirdeba, yvelaferi kidev erTxel gamJRavnda!

savalalo da saubeduro is aris, rom misi Rirseuli memkvidre, saakaSvilis reJimi am cocxal gvams leninis mumiasaviT krwanisis rezidenciaSi inaxavs da qarTul gazeTs „asaval-dasavali“ misi siyvaruli dResac ver amouglejia gulidan da yovel nomerSi „guls gvixarebs misi fotoebisa da misi „brZnuli naazrevis“ beWdviT, xolo mavanis mier mravaljer iqna dalocvili da kurTxeuli, raTa ukeTesad moesra saqarTvelo pirisagan miwisa!

Cven rom marTla demokratiul qveyanaSi vcxovrobdeT eduard SevardnaZis persona da misi xseneba kanonis ZaliT unda iyos akrZaluli, rogorc hitleris persona germaniasa da avstriaSia akrZaluli, xolo misi karis Jurnalisti a. sanebliZe sul cota cametjer mainc unda iyos samarTalSi micemuli.

magram ra ginda rom hqna, marTlac rom ukuRmarT qveyanaSi vcxovrobT da mitom midis Cveni qveynis saqme ukuRma!

Aal. sanduxaZe

31 agvisto 2008 weli

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goCa kelenjeriZe

separatizmi da konstituciuri monarqia

qarTul-espanuri paralelebi

espanur separatizms saerTaSoriso mxardaWera ara aqvs da igi espaneTis saSinao sakiTxia. saqarTveloSi ki ruseT-saqarTvelos politikuri konfliqtebia da teroristebTan danaSaulebrivi "politikuri dialogi" mimdinareobs. navTobsadenis CrdiloeTi ruseTs eTmoba, samxreTi ki Turqul-armenuli interesebis sferoSi xvdeba.

espaneTi, rogorc demokratiuli saxelmwifo, saqarTvelosgan gansxvavebiT teroristebTan dialogs ar marTavs. mimdinareobs maTi samarTlebrivi devna, romelsac espaneli eris saxeliT axorcielebs espaneTis legitimuri xelisufleba. espaneTSi konstituciis dacvis umaRlesi da saimedo garanti misi udidebulesoba mefea, romelic abalansebs espanur politikas da icavs dezintegraciisagan.

espaneTi natos wevri qveyanaa da faqtia, rom misi teritoriuli mTlianoba saimedodaa daculi.

kataluniaSi separatizms ZiriTadad ekonomikuri miznebi amoZravebs da sayuradReboa, rom adgilobriv asambleaSi gamarjvebuli partia prezident sapateros socialisturi partiaa.

espaneTi Tavisi istoriuli regionebiTa da mentalobiT saocrad Camohgavs saqarTvelos. espaneTis Sidaregionuli politika am regionebs SeuzRudav Tavisuflebas aniWebs espaneTis konstituciis farglebSi. TiToeuli regioni espaneTis deputatTa kongresis, senatisa da municipalitetis garda irCevs sakuTar parlaments, romelic irCevs adgilobriv mTavrobasa da mTavrobis prezidents. iq warmodgenilni arian separatistuli ideologiis partiebic da maT aqvT saSualeba, espaneTis konstituciis farglebSi, saparlamento, legitimuri moRvaweobis, - oRond aucilebeli pirobaa Zaladobis dagmoba da misgan gamijvna.

... espaneTi ar gaxlavT federaluri saxelmwifo da espaneTis regionebi sruli TavisuflebiT sargebloben espaneTis konstituciis farglebSi. regionis mmarTvelobis espanuri modeli icavs espaneTs separatizmisagan da demokratiuli mmarTvelobis nimuSadaa aRiarebuli...

espaneTSi Catarebul arCevnebs aranairi saerTaSoriso damkvirveblebi ar eswrebian, arCevnebs xalxi atarebs. espaneTis separatistuli problema espaneTis Sinaur saqmedaa gamocxadebuli xalxisa da legitimuri mTavrobis mier da arc erT sxva saxelmwifos ar ekiTxeba espaneli eri Tavisi saSinao politikis gadawyvetas. saqarTveloSi ki - "represiuli reJimis" mier separatistuli problemis denacionalizacia da danaSaulebrivi internacionalizacia moxda.

adgilobrivi legitimuri xelisuflebebi valdebulni arian daicvan espaneTis konstitucia, romlis dacvis mTavari garanti gaxlavT, espaneli eris sayvareli mefe, misi udidebulesoba b-ni xuan-karlos pirveli, romelic espaneTis konstituciis Tanaxmad aris qveynis umaRlesi mTavarsardali anu mas emorCileba jari da ara romelime partias, rac putCebis Tavidan acilebis saintereso variantia... mefe erovnuli strategiuli doqtrinis damcvelia, romelic yovelTvis Seaxsenebs nebismier politikur partias, rom isini valdebulni arian emsaxuron xalxs da espaneTis samefo saxelmwifoebriv interesebs...

saxelmwifo mmarTvelobis espanuri konstituciuri monarqiis modeli da misi Sidaregionuli politika, CemTvis demokratiuli mmarTvelobis idealur variants warmoadgens da igi ara marto sasurveli, aramed bevrad sainteresoa saqarTvelosaTvis, radganac Tavidan agvacilebs ukanono da wamgebian federalizms...

konstituciur monarqiaze gadasvla mxolod legitimuri gziT unda ganxorcieldes. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi, Tu igi ukanonod ganaxorcieles "saqarTvelos winaaRmdeg SeTqmulebma", miviRebT ukanono, antiqarTuli da antikonstituciuri monarqiis parodias, romelsac ar scnobs qarTveli xalxi.

espaneTis separatistuli problemebisagan gansxvavebiT, saqarTveloSi afxazeTis, SidaqarTlis, pankisisa da javaxeTis magaliTze saqme gvaqvs realurad ruseT-saqarTvelos (kavkasiis) omTan.

ruseTma Seqmna antisaxelmwifoebrivi (faSisturi) da teroristuli organizaciebi: aidgilara, adamon nixasi, javaxki, virki;

ruseTma Seqmna arZinba-SevardnaZe-kulumbegovis teroristuli klanebi;

200 welze metia, ruseTi axorcielebs samxedro okupaciis gziT saqarTvelos mcocav aneqsias: dvaleTi, soWi, afxazeTi, Sida qarTli;

ruseTi dRes iseve hyidis saqarTvelos, rogorc gagviyida mesxeT-javaxeTis 2/3 adgilobrivi qarTveli mosaxleobiT (1922 w. lenin-aTaTurqis garigeba).

ruseTi Tavad ubiZgebs saqarTvelos natosken..., rodesac soWis dabrunebis nacvlad afxazeTs gvarTmevs da arRvevs ra yazbegis SeTanxmebas, samxreT oseTad asaRebs istoriul Sida qarTls. es ukanaskneli faqti imdenad saxifaToa Tavad ruseTisaTvis, rom SeiZleba vifiqroT - Tavad ruseTs ar hyavs rusuli xelisufleba, romelic sakuTari saxelmwifoebrivi interesebidan gamomdinare: scnobda iCqeriis damoukideblobas, aRar moawyobda saqarTveloSi putCs, moaxdenda damxobili demokratiuli xelisuflebis samarTlebriv-politikur reabilitacias da SeiZenda megobrebs kavkasiaSi, nacvlad am uZvelesi kulturis xalxebis genocidisa... amis gareSe yovelgvari "dialogi" arasamarTlebrivia da blefia.

saqarTvelos gayofa-daSla samwuxarod gadawyvetilia da swored amitom eniWeba kanonierebis aRdgenas prioritetuli mniSvneloba, radgan Tavidan iqnes acilebuli es safrTxe, romelic uSualo Sedegia im savalalo realobisa, romelic gvauwyebs, rom qarTvel ers ar hyavs legitimuri warmomadgeneli...

Tavad modeli konstituciuri monarqiisa saocnebo da sasurvelia saqarTvelosaTvis, magram im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac mefec, parlamentic, mTavrobac da misi prezidentic ganaxorcieleben saqarTvelos marTvas mis mTel teritoriaze, - rodesac isini iqnebian qarTveli eris legitimuri warmomadgenelni da ara ukanono "represiuli reJimis" mtruli politikis ganmgrZelebelni. mefis taxtis aRdgenam sruliad saqarTvelos mefe unda Svas da ara navTobsadenis samxreT nawilis masxara-monarqi.

espanuri modelis saqarTveloSi gadmoReba idealuri varianti iqneba, Cemis azriT, magram es ar unda iqnes gamoyenebuli saqarTvelos mtrebis mier da ar unda ganxorcieldes maTi antiqarTuli gegmiT, arc maTTvis xelxayrel pirobebSi. sakiTxis ukeTesi gagebisaTvis moviyvanT Semdeg magaliTs: mzaddeba kanonieri xelisuflebis wevrTa Sekreba, romelTac unda daniSnon "kanonieri arCevnebi". amis Sedegad miviRebT dakanonebul antiqarTul xelisuflebas, daaxloebiT iseTs, rogoric orjonikiZis Zalaufleba gaxdeboda "kanonieri" arCevnebi rom daeniSna misTvis Jordanias mTavrobas. putCis legalizaciis aseTi mcdeloba daxvretili mitingebis mier iqna aRkveTili 1992 wlis ianvarSi, roca moRalateebs surdaT TbilisSi ukanono sesiis Catareba da kapitulaciaze xelis mowera.

vacxadeb yvelas gasagonad: Sinaarsobrivad kanonieri xelisuflebis aRdgena gaxlavT mxolod legitimuri erovnuli strategiuli doqtrinisa da konstituciis aRdgena da meti araferi.

madridi, 3 ivlisi, 2008 weli

X X X

avTandil kaxniaSvili

korufcia, privatizacia (`prixvatizacia~), federalizacia da eTnokonfliqtebi

qarTveli eri dasabamidanve gamoirCeva tolerantobiT, cnobierebaSi Camoyalibebuli Rirebulebebis, SeiZleba iTqvas, unikaluri sistemiT, romelic stumrisa da mezoblisadmi gansakuTrebuli keTilganwyobiT gamoirCeva, xolo sxva sarwmunoebisadmi qarTveli kaci im zomis Semwynareblobas iCenda, rom sakuTar miwaze ucxotomelebsac rTavda salocavebis agebis nebas.

saqarTveloSi, faqtobrivad, xorcSesxmul iqna zogadasakacobrio ideali, romliskenac civilizebuli samyaro dRemde miiswrafvis. istoriulad movlenebi ise ganviTarda, rom swored qarTul miwaze moaxerxes sxvadasxva TviTmyofadi kulturebis, aTeulobiT erisa da erovnuli umciresobebis warmomadgenlebma mSvidobiani Tanaarseboba saukuneebis ganmavlobaSi. rom ara sabWoTa kavSiris daSlis Semdeg garedan provocirebuli eTnokonfliqtebi, saqarTvelos moqalaqeTa keTilmezobloba mtrobaSi ar gadaizrdeboda.

darwmunebuli var, momZlavrebuli qarTuli saxelmwifo uaxloes momavalSi SeZlebs ukeT daicvas mis teritoriaze myof adamianTa ZiriTadi uflebebi da Tavisuflebebi, xolo moqalaqeebi, ganurCevlad erovnebisa da aRmsareblobisa. Tanabrad isargebleben RvTiTkurTxeuli qarTuli miwa-wylis madliT. magram arc imaSi minda meparebodes eWvi, rom qarTvel kacs winaparTa SeZaxili: `samSoblos arvis wavarTmevT, Cvens nurvin Segvecileba!~ rodesme miaviwydeba da mSobliuri miwis - mamulis mitacebis mcdelobas vinmes SearCens.

cxadia, demokratiul faseulobebze orientirebuli qveyana yoveli adamianis uflebebs unda ufrTxildebodes, magram, amasTanave, samarTlebrivi saxelmwifos mSeneblobis im sawyis stadiaze, romelzedac Cven vimyofebiT `kargad unda SevignoT, ufleba ara gvaaqvs, ar gavufrTxildeT da erT sulier organizmad ar vaqcioT yvela qarTveli, sadac unda cxovrobdes da ra religiisac unda iyos igi~. am striqonebis avtoris, baton guram fanjikiZis azriT, qarTveli eris fizikuri da sulieri gadarCenisaTvis `did istoriul movlenasTan erTad, rasac saqarTvelos damoukidebloba hqvia, axal ganzomilebaSi unda moeqces qarTveli kacis xasiaTi. metismetad ar unda gaevropel-gaamerikeldes, Tavis bunebas ar unda uRalatos, ZiriTadi bazisi mainc erovnuli xasiaTi unda iyos...

Cven, piriqiT, didi angariSiT, iqiT unda mivexmaroT afxazebs Tu osebs, respublikis teritoriaze mcxovreb sxva erovnebis warmomadgenlebs. es rom SeZloT, jer Tavi unda gadavirCinoT~ (`saiT midis qarTveli eri~?, gaz. `saqarTvelos respublika~, 1.11.1997).

rodesac mosaxleobis didi nawili saarsebo minimumiT ar aris uzrunvelyofili, xolo milionze meti moqalaqe sazRvargareT saSovarzea gadaxvewili; rodesac damoukideblobis aRdgenidan me-17 wels rusuli jari ver gagviyvania, teritoriis mesameds faqtobrivad ver vakontrolebT, xolo jorj buSis vizitis Semdeg navTobsadenis gaswvriv SesaZloa amerikuli bazebic ganTavsdes; qveyanaSi samarTlebrivi nihilizmia damkvidrebuli, xolo korufcirebuli xelisufleba yofili `saerTo-saxalxo~ qonebis morigi `postSevardnaZiseuli~ gadanawilebiT aris dakavebuli, sakuTar Tavisa da qarTuli saxelmwifoebriobis gadarCenisaTvis kidev ufro meti Zalisxmeva gvmarTebs. pirvel rigSi, ki enasa da sarwmunoebasTan erTad, erovnulobis ZiriTad burjs mamuls unda gafrTxileba.

saqarTvelos saxelmwifoebrivi damoukideblobisa da eris TviTmyofadobis erTaderT myar sawindrad, swored, qarTuli miwa mimaCnia. marTalia, konstituciaSi deklarirebulia, rom `saqarTvelo aris damoukidebeli, erTiani da ganuyofeli saxelmwifo~ da misi `teritoriis gasxviseba akrZalulia~, magram ukve 1996 wels sasoflo-sameurneo miwis yidva-gayidva davakanoneT, ramodenime weliwadSi arasasoflo-sameurneo miwac `privatul~ brunvaSi CavrTeT, axlaxan ki saxelmwifos sakuTrebaSi darCenili, magram sruli ganukiTxaobis viTarebaSi (ZiriTad yofil partiul nomenklaturaze) ijariT adre gacemul nakveTebis sakuTrebaSi gadacema gadawyvita `revoluciurma~ parlamentma...

im viTarebaSi, rodesac preambulis Tanaxmad, TiTqos 1921 wlis konstituciis ZiriTad principebs unda davyrdnobodiT, (Cvenma brZenma winaprebma mxolod adgilobriv saqmeebSi mmarTvelobis, faqtobrivad TviTmmarTvelobis avtonomiuroba dauSves), ar mesmis rogor SeiZleboda 1995 wels miRebul uzenaes kanonSi Riad dagvetovebina saqarTvelos teritoriuli saxelmwifoebrivi mowyoba.

vSiSob, rom zogierTi `aralustrirebuli~ politikosis mcdeloba saqarTvelo federaciad aqcion (2000 wels aWaras, 2002w-Si ki afxazeTs avtonomiuri respublika uwodes da `Sesabamis pirobebs~ elodebian orpalatiani parlamenti Seqmnan) swored qarTuli miwis `prixvatizaciasTan~ da mezobeli saxelmwifoebis mxridan Cveni teritoriiT dainteresebasTan unda iyos dakavSirebuli.

is, rom qarTvelTa Soris iseTi `patriotebi~ momravldnen `mamis suli gauSvia, maminacvlis suls ficulobs~ Rirseulma eriskacma moris focxiSvilmac SeniSna. swored gadagvarebul da korufcirebul TvistomTa simravlem aTqmevina poets, rom

`urcxvni urcxvTa Soris urcxvoben
`porTfelSi~ usivdebaT `portmani~,
urcxvad morCileben ucxo Tesls,
cotani qarTveloben cotani!..~

masmediis saSualebebiT, ZiriTadad ki satelevizio arxebiT yuradRebis gamaxvileba `gurul Tu aWarel xalxze~, `imerel Tu qarTlel axalgazrdebze~, aqcentis gadatana qarTveli moqalaqeebis `svanur~ Tu `megrul~ warmomavlobaze (qarTul-megruli leqsikonis gamocema, bibliis Targmna megrul enaze), vfiqrob, mxolod iqiT aris mimarTuli, rom TiToeulma Cvenganma mxolod Tavis kuTxes _ saqarTvelos teritoriis calkeul nawils mixedos, samSoblod mxolod tomobrivi warmomavlobis adgilad aRiqvavs da mTlianobaSi qarTuli miwis satkivari gulTan naklebad miitanos. Sedegad, kodoris xeobas, faqtobrivad mxolod svanebi icaven, rogorc Cans, Satilis misadgomebi mxolod xevsurebma, xolo pankisis xeoba mxolod kaxelebma unda daicvan.

damoukidebeli, erTiani da ganuyofeli saqarTvelo mxolod unitarul saxelmwifod warmomidgenia, romelSic, SesaZloa, avtonomiurma warmonaqmnebmac iarsebon saerTaSoriso samarTlis normebiT gansazRvrul farglebSi (magaliTad, Tundac gudauTis raionis saxiT, romelsac kulturuli avtonomia eqneba da ara politikuri). isedac mciremiwian saqarTveloSi gaumarTlebelia suverenitetis niSnis matarebeli subieqtebis arseboba. iSviaTi tolerantobiT gamorCeuli qarTvelebiT dasaxlebul `RvTismSoblis wilxvedr qveyanaSi~, romelic mravali erovnebis adamianma daigula samSoblod, aragonivrulia eTnikuri an Tundac religiuri niSniT avtonomiebis Seqmna. miT umetes, Tu gaviTvaliswinebT, rom qarTvelebma ara marto islami iwames, gamodis, rom avtonomia kaTolike an ieRovelma qarTvelebmac SeiZleba moiTxovon. sxva yvelafers rom Tavi davaneboT, ekonomikuradac sruliad gaumarTlebelia Tundac ramdenime aTeulma aTasma eTnikurad qarTvelma _ afxazebma an CrdiloeTidan Camosaxlebulma afsuebma sakuTari sakanonmdeblo organoebi da biurokratiuli mmarTvelobiT aparati Seinaxos, aRarafers vambob mini-jarze, policiaze, sakuTar mesazRvreebze da mebaJeebze.

miT umetes, miuReblad miviCnev xelovnurad Seqmnili da SemdgomSi sruliad samarTlianad uaryofili terminis `samxreT oseTis~ kvlav gamoCenas qarTvel politikosTa da JurnalistTa erTi nawilis leqsikonSi. droa, erTxel da samudamod SevTanxmdeT, rom oseTi kavkasionis qedis CrdiloeTiT mdebare mezobeli saxelmwifoa (an ruseTis federaciis subieqti), xolo osi xalxis (eris) warmomadgenlebi, iseve, rogorc magaliTad, azerbaijanelebi da somxebi, saqarTveloSi bevrgan saxloben (magaliTad, borjomSic da tanZiaSic). `samxreT oseTis~ avtonomiuri erTeulis dakanonebas ki sruliad logikurad unda mohyves saqarTvelos teritorize `Crdilo somxeTisa~ Tu `dasavleT azerbaijanis~ avtonomiuri respublikebis warmoSoba, miT umetes, rom Cveni `azerebi~ da `haesebi~ Camosaxlebul `alanebs~ erTi aTad Warboben.

Tu dRevandel viTarebaSi xelisufleba garkveul kompromisze wasvlas gadawyvets, vfiqrob, am SemTxvevaSi mxolod calkeuli dasaxlebuli punqtebis an raionebis, magaliTad, cxinvalis da javis kulturul avtonomiebze SeiZleba iyos laparaki (cxadia, konstituciasa da saxelmwifo simbolikaze laparaki ar unda iyos. quCebisa da dawesebulebebis firniSebze qarTul warwerebTan erTad osuric iqneba, osur enaze imuSavebs televizia, Teatri, gamova gazeTebi da mosaxleobas saSualeba eqneba miiRos ganaTleba osur enaze), winaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi, didi albaTobaa imisa, rom federaciis principiT mowyobili saqarTvelos subieqtebma ukve `sakuTari~ miwiT dagvtovon da ekonomikurad gacilebiT mZlavr mezobel saxelmwifoebs `de faqto~ miuerTdnen, saqarTvelos xelisuflebis iurisdiqcia ki srulad mxolod imereTis da guriis regionze (mxareze) gavrceldes. Tu miwaze kerZo sakuTrebis daSvebas saqarTvelos federaciad gardaqmna mohyva, vfiqrob, mezobel saxelmwifoebs qarTuli miwis xarjze teritoriebis mudmivi gafarToebis realuri perspeqtiva gauCndebaT (cxadia manam, vidre erTis interesebi sxva mxridan gafarToebuli meore saxelmwifos interesebs ar Seejaxeba, xolo Cveni `humanuri~ buneba, udidesi saerTaSoriso avtoriteti, sagareo-politikuri gamocdileba da samarTlebrivi `Rrmadganswavluloba~ ukve qarTuli miwis Taobaze modave mezobeli saxelmwifoebis morigeba-SerigebaSi gamogvadgeba).

batoni moris focxiSvili qarTuli miwisadmi udier damokidebulebasac gvsayvedurobda:

`vici kvlavac gaaCuqeb -
savenaxes, samzeos da sarTvelos...
aris kidev sxva saunje
vidre Seni saqarTvelo, qarTvelo?!~
`miwa iZra, miwa mokvda
vai mas, vinc miwas fantavs...
miwa unda iwamo da
miwa unda geqces xatad~.
WeSmaritad saxalxo poetma anderZadac ki dagvibara:
`jer saqarTvelos movxedoT,
saZmos da saiadonos
sakuTar Tavs da satkivars
mere mivxedoT batono~.

rogorc Cans, zogierT `portfelians~ sakuTar keTildReobaze zrunvasa da `sxva saunjis~ ZebnaSi mSobliuri miwa saxelmwifo biujetTan da sazRvargareTul grantebTan erTad `Semoefanta~.

yvela SemTxvevaSi, teritoriuli mTlianobis srulad aRdgenamde yovlad miuReblad miviCnev qarTuli miwis sakuTrebaSi gadacemas im meqanizmebiT, romlebic Cvenma deputatebma daakanones. cxadia, sazRvargareTelma megobrebma Cvens politikosebs es nabijic mouwones da rogorc msoflio bankis eqspertebs ganucxadebiaT `aseTi reformistuli kanonebi es-en-ge-s masStabiT arc erT saxelmwifos ar miuRia~ (`rezonansi~, 29.10.98).

rogorc Cans, qarTvelebs zomierebis grZnobam isev gviRalata da mSobliuri miwis yidva-gayidvaSi `Cempionobas~ (Tundac es-en-ge-s masStabiT) gamodevnebulni imanac ki ar dagvafiqra, rom mraval ganviTarebul qveyanaSi (magaliTad, Tundac israelSi) miwa saxelmwifo sakuTrebaSia, kerZo sakuTrebaze dafuZnebul aSS-c miwebis 62% saxelmwifos xelSia. xolo arcTu mciremiwian ruseTSi miwis gansaxelmwifoebriobis Sesaxeb kanoni TiTqmis aTi weli ixileboda da miuxedavad imisa, rom 1993 wlis konstituciiT aRiares miwaze kerZo sakuTreba, mxolod ramodenime wlis win dauSves sakuTreba miwaze, isic mxolod Senobis asagebad teqnologiurad aucilebel farglebSi... anu mxolod im miwas mogyidian, romelzedac sacxovrebeli saxli an samrewvelo obieqti aigeba... samagierod, Cvenma politikosebma sasoflo-sameurneo miwis sakuTrebis Sesaxeb kanoni, faqtobrivad erT dReSi, ganuxilvelad miiRes...

ar mgonia, damoukideblobis aRdgenis Semdgom saqarTvelos calkeul kuTxeebSi eTnokonfliqtebad wodebuli tragikuli movlenebi, iq mcxovrebi e.w. araqarTulenovani mosaxleobis mxridan mkvidri qarTvelebisadmi mtruli damokidebulebiT iyos mxolod gamowveuli. rogorc Cans, mters isev ucxotomelebSi veZebT da „kremlis agentad" aucileblad garedan momxduri warmogvidgenia.

akakis samoqalaqo panaSvidze grigol robaqiZem SeniSna: „aq amboben: qarTvelebs mravali mteri hyavs. me ki sxva ram mafiqrebs: qarTvel ers mxolod erTi mteri hyavs: es aris TviTon qarTveli eri" („saxalxo furceli", Ļ231, 1915 weli), aqedan gamomdinare, zogierTi Cveni Cinosani („portfel-portmaniani") Tanamemamulis korufcirebulobis gaTvaliswinebiT, ara mgonia, saqarTveloSi mcxovreb romelime erovnebis (erovnuli umciresobis) warmomadgenels CvenTan aSkara SeiaraRebuli dapirispireba awyobdes, vinaidan, Tundac boroti zraxvebis aRsrulebaSi da sxva ukeTurobaSi (magaliTad, qarTuli miwebis datacebaSi), xels, faqtobrivad, aravis araferSi vuSliT. amdenad, Sidamezobluri mcire uTanxmoebebis sisxlian konfrontaciaSi gadazrda, erTi SexedviT, rogoradac daujerebeli ar unda mogveCvenos, e.w. perestroikiT dawyebul sakuTrebis globaluri gadanawilebis - „prixvatizaciis" ZiriTad procesTan unda iyos dakavSirebuli da pirTa erTi jgufis SeiZleba „transnacionaluris" mier unda imarTebodes. postsabWour sivrceze warmoSobili saerTaSoriso konfliqtebic da erTi erovnebis warmomadgenelTa Soris gaCaRebuli samoqalaqo omebic uZravi qonebis xelSi CagdebiT dainteresebuli „mesame Zalis" mier aris inspirirebuli. sagulisxmoa, rom moris focxiSvilma am ukeTurobazec agvixila Tvali:

„Zmebs Ralatoben Zmebi, -
cud xasiaTze vdgebi.
avad xiTxiTebs mteri, -
Sreba sicocxlis wyaro,
viRac mesame mReris, -
viRac mesame xarobs.
Zmebs Ralatoben Zmebi, -
viRac mesamis nebiT".

es „viRac mesame" amJamad „axal" qarTvelebad, rusebad Tu somxebad „gardaqmnili", - komunistebis droindeli nomenklaturuli elitaa, romelic SinaarsiT, marTlac, WeSmaritad internacionaluria, uaxloes warsulSi mTeli sabWoTa xalxis, anu e.w. saerTo sakavSiro sakuTrebad miCneuli ZviradRirebuli obieqtebis axali gadanawilebis procesSi mTel postsabWour sivrceze ZiriTadad urTierTSeTanxmebulad moqmedebs da xelovnurad Seqmnili areulobis Sedegad gaufasurebul obieqtebs Calis fasad epatroneba. Tumca, arc is aris gamoricxuli, rom ruseTSi gabatonebuli axali klasis - „prixvatizaciis mamebis" wadili gansakuTrebuli mniSvnelobis uZravi qonebis dauflebisa, calkeul SemTxvevebSi dapirispireboda regionaluri masStabis „wiTeli kapitalistebis" interesebs. magaliTad, Cinosan „axal qarTvelebTan", SesaZloa, biWvinTisa da miuseras samTavrobo agarakebis, reliqturi periodidan SemorCenili fiWvnaris an turistuli biznesis ganviTarebisaTvis, marTlac, unikaluri bunebrivi pirobebis mqone afxazeTis sanapiros - qarTuli miwis Taobaze mosvlodaT dava. yvela SemTxvevaSi, kerZo mesakuTruli instinqtebis SesaniRbad da mkvidri mosaxleobis gasaZeveblad e.w. eTnokonfliqtebi iqna gaRvivebuli.

igive osi erovnebis mosaxleoba swored gareSe Zalis - „mesamis" mier iqna provocirebuli qarTvelebTan Zalismieri dapirispirebis precedentis Sesaqmnelad, frontis xazis gasafarToeblad da afxazeTSi morigi daZabulobis keridan yuradRebis gadasatanad. Tavad osebs am SeiaraRebuli konfliqtiT iseTi araferi moupovebiaT, rasac saqarTveloSi omis gareSe ver miaRwevdnen. igive SeiZleba iTqvas afsua-afxazebzec. darwmunebuli var, dRevandeli afxazeTis avtonomiuri respublikis teritoriaze momavalSi kvlav saqarTvelos iurisdiqcia gavrceldeba (dRevandeli politika Tu ar SevcvaleT, realuri saSiSroeba gvemuqreba qarTuli miwa kodoramde an, ukeTes SemTxvevaSi, mxolod gumisTamde davibrunoT), magram sabazro urTierTobebze brmad orientirebuli (da ara gaazrebuli) Cveni samarTlebrivi bazis wyalobiT uZravi qonebis mflobelebad ZiriTadad nomenklaturuli privatizaciis mesveurebi mogvevlinebian („msxvili miwaTmflobelebis" ZiriTadi Semadgenloba arsebiTad ar Seicvleba im SemTxvevaSic, Tu afxazeTi damoukideblobas miaRwevs an Tundac ruseTis federacias SeuerTdeba). Tu amaSi vinmes eWvi epareba, moskovSi moRvawe saqarTvelos televiziis Jurnalistis, rusudan nikuraZis mier mowodebul informacias SeuZlia gaecnos, Turme, „moskovsa da TbilisSi mSvenivrad ician, rom afxazeTi dRes ukve ramdenime realur seqtoradaa gayofili Cernomirdins, berezovskis, Cubaissa da sxvebs Soris (am „sxvebSi" udavod araerTi qarTveli „oligarqic" aRmoCndeba - a.k.). sakurorto Tu sxva saxis biznesi saqarTvelos warTmeul teritorias momxibvlel perspeqtivas uqadis daubrunebladac..."

rogorc Cans, cnobil princips „gaTiSe da ibatone"-s, XXI saukunis dasawyisSic ar daukargavs popularoba, xolo gavlenis zonebad Tavidanve danawilebul teritoriebze (Tundac imave afxazeTSi) saxelmwifo sakuTrebis mflobelebad „warCinebuli" kleptokratebi mogvevlinebian. Znelbedobas da Tavsdatexil kataklizmebs gadarCenili mkvidri mosaxleobis umravlesobas ki isRa darCeba (albaT, sul aTiode weliwadSi) amerikuli las-vegasisa Tu evropuli monte-karlos msgavs „transkavkasiur gasarTob centrSi" ganTavsebuli feSenebeluri sastumroebis, vilebisa Tu kazinoebis mosamsaxureebad moewyon. afxazeTis qarTvelobas ki ara, SeiZleba Tbiliselebsac igive perspeqtiva gvemuqreba. „abreSumis gzis" piras aRmoCenil saqarTvelos dedaqalaqs Turme meore sarTuli unda davaSenoT da mTawmindaze „gasarTobi centri" davafuZnoT...

eWvi ar mepareba, momgebiani proeqtia da bizens-gegmis avtorebi ukve investorebs eZeben gamalebiT. rogorc Cans, am morigi „patriotuli" ideis ganxorcielebis SemTxevaSi, vinc ki evropa-aziis farglebSi saeWvo gziT moipovebs dolarebs yvela Cvens „georgias" moawydeba da madlian qarTul miwaze Seecdeba maT flangvasa Tu dabandebas. platoze kargadac gaerToba da kazinodan gamosuli Ramis Tbilissac gadmoxedavs...

mTawmindaze asul „portmanian" stumrebs, albaT, arc valutis warmomavlobis Taobaze mivcemT uxerxul kiTxvebs, arc msoflioSi silamaziTa da inteleqtiT ganTqmuli qarTveli qalebis yuradRebas movaklebT da yvela sxva survilsac davukmayofilebT... pirvel rigSi, uZravi qonebis metad farTo asortiments SevTavazebT. rogorc Cans, Cvenma kanonmdebelma Tadarigi didi xania daiWira da iseTi samarTlebrivi baza Seqmna, rom ucxoelebs sruliad uproblemod SeuZliaT qarTuli miwa daisakuTron. amisTvis, sakmarisia iuridiul pirad registraciisaTvis saWiro pirdapiri da arapirdapiri xarjebi gaiRon, anu ramdenime aTasi dolari aRmasrulebeli da sasamarTlo xelisuflebisTvisac gaimeton.

mTawmindis platoel „kapitalist-damsveneblebs", albaT, imasac vacnobebT, rom maTTan SedarebiT „dabal doneze" mamadaviTis eklesiaSi, qarTvelTa didi winaprebi ganisveneben, Tumca verafriT avuxsniT, Tu ratom vuwodeT ilia WavWavaZes „marTali", maSin, rodesac bankis Semosavlebis xarjze mSobliur miwas ucxotomelebisagan gamoisyidda da qarTvel glexkacs gadascemda... dRevandeli „sabazro-demokratiuli" TvalTaxedviT xom sul piriqiT unda ekeTebina... dRevandeli „axali qarTvelebi" (faqtobrivad, igive komunisturi partiis yofili nomenklaturuli elita da maTi axlobel-naTesavebi) ilias saqciels mxolod im SemTxvevaSi gaamarTlebdnen, privatizaciis TaRliTuri meqanizmis gamoyenebiT miwa xelovnurad rom gaeufasurebina, glexoba iZulebuli gaexada miwa bankSi giraoSi Caedo, gakotrebis gziT Calis fasad xelSi Caegdo da ucxoelebze sarfianad gaeyida. mokled, kaci maSin iqneboda, bankis meSveobiT gvariani fuli rom „moexsna"...

netav, ras ityoda ilia, federalizaciis momxreebisaTvis rom moesmina da privatizaciis SedegebisTvisac gadaevlo Tvali? miT umetes, rom Seetyo aSS da germania erTmaneTs aswreben damoukidebeli saqarTvelos moqalaqeebisaTvis miwis nakveTis sakuTrebis damadasturebeli mowmobebis usasyidlod darigebas. nuTu, axali „qarTuli ideebis" avtorebi ar fiqroben, Tu ra bedi eweva „mokavSire saxelmwifoebad", faqtobrivad, samTavroebad dayofil saxelmwifoSi 4 milion nakveTad danawevrebul qarTul miwas, gansakuTrebiT im viTarebaSi, rodesac erTaderT uzenaes mflobels - qarTvel glexkacs, dasamuSaveblad ki ara, mTavrobisagan naCuqari miwis gasaformeblad ver gamouZebnia aTiode lari.

Tu saqarTveloSi dRemde ganxorcilebuli privatizaciis meqanizms gadavxedavT da miwis sadReiso fasebs gaviTvaliswinebT, rogorc Cans saqarTvelos mTeli teritoriis - qarTuli miwis biTumad Tu calobiT (naWer-naWer) SeZena ara marto jorj („giorgi") soross (ra moxdeba Tu mag. saiubileo dabadebis dRisaTvis sakuTari saxelobis saxelmwifos „georgias" iyidis?! an iqneb saCuqris Rirebuleba ukve gadaxdili aqvs), aramed roman abramoviCsac sul raRac 7-8 miliard dolarad SeeZleba. (sxvaTa Soris, rus oligarqTa siaSi „Celsis" mesakuTreze gacilebiT mdidari araerTi moZme erebis warmomadgenelia...)

e.w. CeCneTis krizisic sakuTrebis globaluri gadanawilebis konteqstSi unda iqnas ganxiluli. STabeWdileba rCeba, rom federaciuli mowyoba da privatizaciis meqanizmebi swored miwis xelSi Casagdebad iqna gamoyenebuli. amasTan, sagulisxmoa, rom ruseTis „biurokratiuli elita" erTob solidur bizness xan saomar moqmedebebze, xan droebiT dazavebaze da WurvebiT dangreuli Senobebis aRdgenisaTvis an mosaxleobisaTvis „humanitaruli daxmarebisaTvis" gamoyofili saxsrebis xarjze akeTebda, xolo angarebiTi miznebis misaRwevad erovnul-ganmanTavisuflebeli moZraobis da eTnokonfliqtebis provocirebas axdenda. vainaxebis mimarT XX saukunis miwuruls ganxorcielebuli vandalizmis aqtis ZiriTadi daniSnuleba ki, mSobliuri miwidan mkvidri mosaxleobis ayra warmoadgenda (dRevandeli rusi „demokrati" mmarTvelebisagan gansxvavebiT, diqtatori stalini CeCnebis mxolod gadasaxlebas dasjerda... amasTan, mas namdvilad saxelmwifo interesebi amoZravebda da ara kerZo mesakuTruli).

sagulisxmoa, rom ruseTis simbolo - orTaviani arwivi aRmosavleTsa da dasavleTs erTdroulad gascqeris. Tumca, rogorc Cans, arc samxreTi mimarTuleba darCenia uyuradRebod. oseTis dedaqalaqsac, SemTxveviT ki ar uwodes „vladikavkazi" (floba, pyroba). amdenad, Tu gaviTvaliswinebT, rom CeCnebis miwa yovelwliurad aranakleb 5 miliardi dolaris Rirebulebis strategiuli daniSnulebis navTobproduqtebs iZleva, gasagebi unda gaxdes am regioniT „privatizaciis mamebis" daintereseba da arc „velikorusuli derJavis" (didi, diadi, - daWera, dakaveba) samxreTSi federaciis subieqtTa simravle unda gvikvirdes. amis Semdeg, rodesac ruseTis mxridan aqtiuri saomari moqmedebebis dawyebamde CeCnebi e.w. eTnokonfliqtebSi aRmoCndnen CarTulni mezoblad mcxovreb osebTan da daRestnelebTan, did siZneles ar unda warmoadgendes imis gaTvla, Tu vin iqneba is „viRac mesame", romelic am dros, batoni morisis sityvebiT rom vTqvaT, „xiTxiTebs, mReris da xarobs".

sxvaTa Soris, igive meqanizmi, romliTac „mesamem" e.i. qarTul-afxazuri Tu qarTul-osuri konfliqtebi Seqmna. azerbaijanTan mimarTebaSic iqna gamoyenebuli. e.w. mTiani yarabaRis avtonomiis somxuri mosaxleobis waqezebiT ruseTma, faqtobrivad, ki misma nomenklaturulma elitam, xelSi Caigdo kaspiis navTobis mniSvnelovani nawili (azerbaijans saerTaSoriso konsorciumSi sakuTari wilis nawili daaTmobines) da saSualeba miiRo gaekontrolebina strategiuli mniSvnelobis gazisa da navTobsadenebi.

CrdiloeT kavkasiis xelovnuri federalizacia swored is naRmia, romelic im SemTxvevaSi afeTqdeba, Tu ruseTma teritoriis dakargvis safrTxe igrZno. gamoricxuli ar aris, rom „viRac mesamis nebiT" yaraCai-CerqezeTisa da yabardo-balyareTis avtonomiuri erTeulebis „separatistebsac" gauCndeT damoukidebeli saxelmwifos mSeneblobis survili. Sedegad, CeCneTis garda, kidev oTx erovnul-ganmanTavisuflebel moZraobas miviRebT, „Zmebi Zmebs uRalateben", SeiaraRebul konfliqtSi erTmaneTs welSi gatexen da mSvelel-gamSveleblad iseT dsT-s, faqtobrivad, rusTa „samSvidobo kontigents" mouxmoben. mokled, saqme SesaZloa ise wauvideT, rom yovelgvar suverenitetze Tqvan uari da uZravi qonebac CrdiloeT „amRorZineblebs" usasyidlod gadascen.

federalizaciis mcdelobam saqarTvelos ra „sikeTe" moutana, mosaxleobam ukve iwvnia. „viRac mesamis nebiT" Zmebma Zmebs CvenTanac uRalates, xolo centraluri xelisuflebis iurisdiqcia yofil avtonomiebze, faqtobrivad, aRar vrceldeba. e.w. samxreT oseTs da afxazeTs garda imisa, rom konstituciasTan erTad droSac, gerbic da himnic sakuTari aqvT, maT teritoriebze ucxo qveynis jarebis ganTavsebis sakiTxsac sakmaod suverenulad wyveten. Cvens miwa-wyals Semoxiznulebma SeiZleba xval-zeg sakuTari fulic moWran, maSin, rodesac saqarTvelos biujeti zogierTi ucxouri filmis an safexburTo klubis Semosavlebze naklebia.

TxuTmeti wlis win, SesaZloa, sruliad gonivruli yofiliyo teritoriuli mTlianobis SenarCunebis mizniT saqarTvelo federaciis formiT mogvewyo, magram im viTarebaSi, rodesac 70 wlian komunistur batonobas SemorCenili qarTuli miwis mesameds „viRac mesame" akontrolebs (nuravis egoneba, rom Cveni Crdiloeli Zmebi amas dasavleli an Tundac okeanisgaRmeli „megobrebis" nebis gareSe, yovel SemTxvevaSi maTTan SeuTanxmeblad sCadian), amis gakeTeba dauSveblad mimaCnia. darCenili kuTxeebisaTvis garkveuli suverenitetis miniWeba da, maT Soris, faqtobrivad, sazRvrebis gavleba, rogorc amas zogierTi politikosi da mecnieri gvirCevs, damRupveli iqneba saqarTvelosaTvis.

mxareebis (regionebis) doneze sakanonmdeblo organoebisa da samTavrobo struqturebis Seqmnas vin Civis, Cveni deputatebis xelSi, gamoricxuli ar aris, federaciis subieqtebis ricxvma saqarTvelos istoriulad Camoyalibebuli kuTxeebis ricxvsac gadaaWarbos. parlamentSi Sekrebil biznesmen-politikosebs argumentebis moSvelieba arc ubnebis doneze „gansaxelmwifoebriobis" dasakanoneblad gauWirdebaT. Tu ase gagrZelda, gamoricxuli ar aris „TviTgamorkvevis" procesi uban-quCebis doneze ganxocrieldes da varazisxevis gadakveTisas an Tamar mefisa Tu „voroncovis" xidze gadasvlisas vera-sololakelebs sabaJo da sapasporto kontrolis gavla mouwioT.

xumroba iqiT iyos, quCebis avtonomizaciamde imedi maqvs saqme ar miva, magram saqarTvelos federaciuli mowyobis momxreebi dedaqalaqs, albaT, calke subieqtad moiazreben, misi gamorCeulobis (aq xom amdeni „elitari" binadrobs) gamo. marTalia, damoukideblobaze foTsac da quTaissac SeiZleba gauCndeT pretenzia, magram pirvelobas Tbiliss veravin Seecileba. Tu gaviTvaliswinebT, popularuli telearxebisa da gazeTebis faqtobriv mmarTvelebs da politikosebis kontrols daqvemdebarebul oTxi aTasamde „arasamTavrobo" organizacias, „mzisa da vardebis mxareSi" nebismieri masStabis „buntis" mowyoba ar unda gaWirdes.

marTlac, sakmarisi iyo parlamentSive gamokveTiliyo sakuTari interesebis mqone xelisuflebisaTvis mebrZoli (postSevarnaZiseul periodze orientirebuli) jgufi da zogierTi „elitaris" mier adre datacebul - „prixvatizebul" qonebas safrTxe Seqmnoda (korufciasTan brZolis gaaqtiurebis da konfiskaciis Taobaze gamotanili lozungebis gamo), rom denis 24-saaTian mowodebis moTxovniT mTeli qalaqi umal barikadebze dadga da damoukideblobis mecxre wels (etyoba, 9 sabediswero cifria CvenTvis) paraleli fidel kastros reJimTanac ki gaavlo. (2003 wlis noemberSi ki mosaxleoba rogorc iqna arCevnebis totaluri gayalbebisaTvisac „gabrazda").

amdegad, erovnuli ideologiis arqonis, mosaxleobis didi nawilis politikaSi umwifrobisa da samarTlebrivi nihilizmis viTarebaSi, „viRac mesames" ara marto saqarTvelos sazRvrebTan, aramed TbilisSic ki iolad SeuZlia konfliqtebis provocireba, Tundac eleqroenergiis mowodebis gakontrolebiT. mokled, morigi eTnikuri SuRli Tu gvinda CamovagdoT da separatizmi axal keraSi gavaRvivoT, sakmarisia marneuli da axalqalaqi rigrigobiT CavabneloT, xolo konfrontaciis masStabebis gasafarToeblad deni avlabarsac unda gamovurToT. Tu ras uqadis xelovnurii federalizacia, Tundac evropul saxelmwifos, naTlad Cans emir kusturicas friad gaxmaurebul filmSi „andergraundi" („iatakqveSeTi") cnobili kinoreJisori sakuTari xalxis tragediis magaliTze cdilobs dagvanaxos samoqalaqo omebis saSinelebani da gaeros cisferCafxutianTa „samSvidobo misiebis" meSveobiT Sida konfliqtebis daregulirebis uperspeqtivoba. amasTan, gvacnobs, ra Tanamedrove erovnuli gmirebis Tu kerpebis formirebis meqanizmebs, imis Taobazec gvafrxilebs, Tu ra uaryofiTi Sedegebi SeiZleba mohyves realobis gauTvaliswineblobas, sinamdvilis gayalbebas, Wama-smaze gadagebas, korufciisa da uzneobis aRzevebas.

XX saukunis miwuruls erTiani iugoslaviis daSlam da Zmebs Soris daRvrilma sisxlma ar SeiZleba ar dagvafiqros saqarTveloSi movlenebis ganviTarebis metad saSiS tendenciebze. (sxvaTaSoris, yofili iugoslaviis teritoriaze anu evropaSi muslimanuri saxelmwifoebis SeqmnaSi lomis wili aSS-s miuZRvis...) faqtia, rom erovnuli ideis diskreditaciasa da qarTuli tradiciuli sulieri Rirebulebebis (ojaxis da qalis kulti, patriotizmi, Sromis kultura, miwisadmi erTguleba, tolerantoba) moSlasTan erTad konstituciurad damoukidebel, erTian da ganuyofel saqarTveloSi sul ufro metad iCens Tavs politikuri, ekonomikuri da socialuri viTarebis simwvave, rac myar sawindars qmnis kuTxuri separatizmis aRzevebisaTvis.

civilizaciis istoria cxadyofs, rom teritoriul pretenziebTan dakavSirebul SeiaraRebul konfliqtebs, ZiriTadad ekonomikuri motivebi ganapirobebs. amdenad, Tavisi arsiT unitarul saxelmwifoSi Cadebuli federalizmis naRmi gansakuTrebiT feTqebadsaSiSi swored am viTarebaSi xdeba, rodesac saqme sakuTrebis gadanawilebas exeba. aRniSnulidan gamomdinare. arc unda gvikvirdes, rom „viRac mesames", faqtobrivad ki, yofil partul-nomenklaturul elitas da maT konkurent (zogjer ki Tanamzraxvel) ucxoel oligarqebs, sabWoTa kavSiris daSlis Sedegad „upatronod" darCenil e.w. saerTo saxalxo sakuTrebis msxvili obieqtebis Calis fasad xelSi Cagdebis mizniT, gansxvavebuli interesebis mqone eTnikuri, religiuri an Tundac politikuri jgufebi erTmaneTTan daepirispirebina.

cxadia, Tu SeiaraRebuli konfliqtebis Sedegad ekonomika gapartaxdeba, mkvidr mosaxleobas gausaZlisi pirobebi Seeqmneba da adgilidan aiyreba, uZravi qonebis (bunebrivi resursebis, miwis, wiaRiseulis) dapatronebas vinRa Segecileba. amasTan, sakuTrebis axali gadanawilebis Sedegebis legalizacias ki, arcTu iSviaTad, swored privatizaciis samarTlebrivi baza emsaxureba. sakanonmdeblo organoSi ilia WavWavZiseuli gagebiT „patiosani xasiaTiTa da uCirqo yofa-cxovrebiT" gamorCeul mamuliSvilTa nakleboba, aRmasrulebel xelisuflebaSi arsebuli ganukiTxaoba da sasamarTloebis arasaTanado damoukidebloba saSualebas aZlevs mavanT, TiTqos da pirdapiri SesyidviT, ijara gamosyidvis uflebiT, auqcionisa Tu konkursis (tenderis) meSveobiT, xelovnurad Semcirbul fasebSi, faqtobrivad ki, datacebiT „daikanonon" saxelmwifo sakuTreba.

amdenad, saqarTveloSi reformebi civilizebuli formiT da met-naklebad samarTlianad rom ganxorcielebuliyo, amasTan, mosaxleobas gansaxelmwifoebriobis kampaniis avtor-organizatorTa mimarT ndoba rom hqonoda, darwmunebuli var arc separatistuli ganwyoba gaRvivdeboda, ZmaTa Soris sisxlisRvrasac avcdebodiT da moqalaqeebi sakuTar xelisuflebas mxars ganurCevlad erovnebisa da sarwmunoebisa dauWerdnen.

Sedegad, qarTul saxelmwifos, dReisaTvis, rogorc ekonomikaSi, aseve politikaSi gacilebiT naklebi problemebi eqneboda da sagareo valebiT Seborkili sxvisi mowyalebis moimede ar iqneboda.

uWirs dRes qarTvelobas. uWirs sruliad saqarTvelos. uaresadac gasWirvebia, magram Tavi gonierebiT gautania. didi ilia brZanebda: „ram gvixsna? jvarcmulni qristesaTvis rogor gadavrCiT? wamebulni da sisxl-mTxvelni mamulisaTvis ramRa gvacocxla, ram gvasuliera? man, rom vicodiT - im dros ra undoda, ra iyo misi cixe-simagre, misi far-xmali. amiT gavitaneT Tavi droTa Sesaferi codna gvqonda, droTa Sesaferi mxneoba da gamrjeloba".

axla ki, rogorc batoni morisi gvafrxilebda:

„sxva dro dgeba, rogorc xedav
xeli SegaCvies qarTvels, -
mteri guSin samcxes gRletda
axla zRvispireTs garTmevs.
Seni imedi aqvs Sens mters, -
pirze gkocnis, roca qarTvels, -
maxvils maRla unda swevde
gonze mosvla axla gmarTebs".

amdenad, isRa dagvrCenia Zil-buranisagan gamoverkvioT, isic gavixsenoT, rom „samSoblo, rogorc ufali, erTia qveyanazeda", gverdi-gverd davdgeT da yvelaferi viRonoT, rom saqarTvelo - winaparTa miwa - momaval Taobebsac SevunarCunoT.

qarTvel kacs xom sicocxle sxvagan ver warmoudgenia da araerTxel ganucxadebia: „ar gavcvli me Cems samSoblos sxva qveynis samoTxezeda..." amis mizezi ki mxolod qonebrivi urTierTobebi da miwis „sabazro fasi" namdvilad ar iyo. iakob gogebaSvili werda: „mSobliuri miwa-wyali, mamuli marto nivTieri faqtori ar gaxlavT, igi sulieria, cocxali arsebaa".

amasTan, ar unda daviviwyoT, rom miwa WeSmariti damoukideblobis miRwevisa da samarTlebrivi saxelmwifos mSeneblobis gzaze jer kidev erTob aramyarad mdgari saqarTvelos gadarCenis erTaderTi realuri materialuri sawindaria. ar unda davuSvaT, rom xelisuflebis uniaTobiTa da qveyanaSi myarad fesvgadgmuli samarTlebrivi nihilizmis Sedegad, mosaxleobisaTvis usasyidlod darigebuli nakveTebi umravlesobisaTvis „vauCerebis" (saprivatizacio baraTebis) msgavsad mxolod Sansad iqces da xelidan iqnas gaSvebuli, xolo adre ijariT aRebuli, faqtobrivad ki korufciis gziT mitacebuli farTobebi qarTuli miwis „gadamyidvelebs" CavugdoT xelSi.

qarTuli saxelmwifos mowesrigebisaTvis, sasamarTlo reformisa da axali sakanonmdeblo bazis miRebis garda, gasakeTebeli kidev bevria. amdenad, jer saxelmwifo meqanizmis gamarTuli muSaobisaTvis aucilebeli civilizebuli meqanizmebi unda dagvemkvidrebina, ekonomikis gajansaRebaze, mewarmisaTvis xelSewyobaze an Tundac korufciis aRmofxvrisaTvis mogvekida xeli, xolo bunebisagan Tu RvTisagan qarTveli erisaTvis boZebuli miwis gansaxelmwifoebrioba - gayidvis sakiTxi samomavlod unda gadagvedo.

samxreTeli slavebis enaze „qveynis" aRsaniSnad termini „miwa" gamoiyeneba. RmerTma nu qnas, Cveni „kinoc" iseve dasruldes, rogorc kusturicas iugoslaviuri, da „mamulis gamyidvelma mamebma" aTwleulebis Semdeg Svilebs zRaprebis meSveobiT vamcnoT, rom „iyo da ara iyo ra, iyo erTi „georgia", an mxolod adrindeli saqarTvelodan (nikofsiidan darubandamde) mowyvetil Tu morCenil teritoriaze (isev or, magram, amjerad samwuxarod mxolod Sav da Tbilisis zRvas Soris mdebare...) gaSlil sufraze sadRegrZeloebSi movixsenioT „tkbil mogonebad"...

X X X

msoflio sazogadoebriobas, demokratiuli qveynebis xelisuflebebs,

a.S.S-s, evrokavSiris, euTos da yvela im saerTaSoriso sadamkvireblo misiis warmomadgenlebs, romlebic 2008 wlis 5 ianvars imyofebodnen saqarTveloSi riggareSe saprezidento arCevnebze damkvirveblebad

saqarTvelos farglebs gareT mcxovrebi qarTveli politikuri emigrantebi mogmarTavT, raTa gamovxatoT Cveni aRSfoTeba saqarTveloSi bolo dros ganviTarebuli movlenebis gamo. upirvelesad unda mogaxsenoT, rom Cven saqarTvelos dRevandeli xelisuflebis da misi opoziciis mimarT varT erTgvarovan damokidebulebaSi - Cven ar vaRiarebT da ar vaRiarebdiT rogorc diqtatori SevardnaZis reJimis arsebobas, aseve saqarTveloSi 2003 wlis noemberSi gaTamaSebul afioras, romelic msoflio sazogadoebis TvalSi gasaRda rogorc "vardebis revolucia". sinamdvileSi es iyo farsi saqarTvelos maSindeli (da axlandeli diqtatoris) reJimis gadasarCenad gaTamaSebuli politikuri xrikebi, romlis Sedegadac beberi diqtatori Seicvala misi sulieri memkvidriT, axalgazrda diqtatoriTa da uzurpatoriT m. saakaSviliT, romelTanac erTad erT gundSi iyvnen dRevandeli e. w. opozicionrebi, romlebic agreTve SevardnaZis politikur inkubatorSi arian deCekilebi.

1992 wlis 6 ianvridan saqarTveloSi permanentuli politikuri krizisia, radgan am dRes saxelmwifo da sisxlis samarTlis damnaSaveebis mier saqarvelodan ganidevna qveynis kanonieri, WeSmaritad demokratiuli arCevnebiT arCeuli xelisufleba - saqarTvelos uzenaesi sabWo da prezidenti romelic Semdgom imsxverpla SevardnaZis politikurma intrigebma, xolo xelisufleba dResac devnilobaSia. kanonier xelisuflebas arasodes gamoucxadebia kapitulacia, arasodes uRiarebis saqarTveloSi SevardnaZis da Semdgomi reJimi.

saqarTveloSi ganxorcielda samxedro kriminaluri gadatrialeba, komunistur-kriminaluri revanSi ruseTis specsamsaxurebis uSualo xelmZRvanelobiT. qveyanaSi daemxo samarTlianoba da kanoniereba. Zalaufleba xelSi aiRo samxedro-kriminalurma xuntam, romelsac saTaveSi maleve Caudga ruseTis emisari, komunisti diqtatori e. SevardnaZe, romelic Tavisi diqtaturis legitimaciisTvis xSirad atarebda ukanono, falsificirebul arCevnebs antidemokratiuli saarCevno kanoniT da romlebsac aseTive SemarTebiT udasturebda saerTaSoriso sadamkvirveblo misiebi.

sainteresoa, ras grZnobs is xalxi dRes, romlebic im dros SevardnaZis saarCevno oqmebs dasturs aZlevdnen. dRes xom sayovelTaod aRiarebulia is rogorc diqtatori da misi batonoba rogorc diqtatura! nuTu isev unda ganmeordes, is rac guSin iyo? aSkara darRvevebiTa da kanonierebis sruli ignorirebiT Catarda 2004 wlis saparlamento arCevnebic, rodesac saakaSvilis mTavrobam daarRvia saqarTvelos is maxinji SevardnaZiseuli saarCevno kodeqsic ki, romelic iTvaliswinebda Sereuli tipis - proporciul da maJoritarul sistemas. 2004 wlis saparlamento arCevnebi Catarda calmxrivi - proporciuli sistemiT. rogorc mSvenivrad mogexsenebaT e. w. vardebis revoluciis gaTamaSeba gamoiwvia 2003 wlis 2 noembers gamarTuli arCevnebis darRvevebma da falsificirebam. Tu 2 noembris arCevnebi gamocxadda antidemokratiulad da baTilad iqna cnobili, rogor mieca legitimurobis statusi maJoritarul mxares? magram amas xeli ar SeuSlia igive saerTaSoriso sadamkvireblo misiebisTvis daedasturebinaT saakaSvilis kacTmoZule bandis arCevnebis legitimuroba.

saqarTvelos 1992 wlidan dRemde marTavs aralegitimuri reJimebi. am droidanve qveyanaSi xelisuflebebis cvla xdeba e. w. saerTo saxalxo an vardebis revoluciebiT - xan iaraRiT, sisxliT da xan kidev Sxamiani eklebiani vardebiT, SeniRbuli borotebiT!

rogorc ukve mogaxseneT, Cveni damokidebuleba orTave mxaris mimarT uaryofiTia, magram gamovdivarT ra Cven arsebuli aramarTebuli realobidan da am etapze sanam saqarTveloSi ar aRmsdgara kanoniereba, misi legitimuri xelisufleba, Cven pativs vcemT saqarTvelos xalxis, misi mosaxleobis nebas. mogiwodebT: nu dauSvebT igive ukanonobebs, rac aqamde xdeboda saqarTveloSi Tqveni mxardaWeriTa da xelSewyobiT! nu CauklavT saqarTvelos mosaxleobas momavlis imdedebs! nu gaumrudebT kidev erTxel warmodgenas WeSmariti demokratiisa da sityvis Tavisuflebis Sesaxeb.

nuTu TqvenTvis arafers niSnavs is masiuri saerTo saxalxo gamosvlebi, romlebSic aseul aTasobiT xalxi iRebda monawileobas, gana is ar iyo arCevnebic, plebiscitiT da referendumic? Gana im aseul aTasobiT adamians ar hyavs ojaxis wevrebi?

gasuli wlis noembris movlenebis Semdeg, rogor moxda rom guSindel farsSi gaimarjva noembris Tvis diqtatorma saakaSvilma? gjeraT, rom es arCvenebi normalur pirobebSi, saerTaSoriso standartebis dacviT mimdinareobda daniSvnidan Catarebamde? nuTu Tqvenc mogisyidaT beberi SevardnaZis yovlisSemZle axalgazrda Segirdma? saqarTveloSi xmebi dadis saakaSvili ucxoel Cinovnikebs mosaqrTamavad cnobil kurortebze qorwilebs uxdiso, nuTu marTalia yovelive es?

saqarTveloSi arCevnebi Catarda antidemokratiuli saarCevno kampaniis mimdinareobaSi, Zalmomreobis, muqaris, daSinebis, motyuebis, moqrTamvisa da mosyidvis, saarCevno siebis gayalbebis, amomrCevelTa siebis gazrdiT qveyanaSi ar arsebuli amomrCevlebiT, mkvdari sulebis gacocxlebis da e.w. karuselebis meSveobiT! amis Tqmis uflebasa da saSualebas gvaZlevs is dokumentaciebi, is informaciebi, romlebic qveyndeba saqarTvelos arasamTavrobo organizaciebis, adgilobriv miumxrobel damkvirvebelTa da adamianis uflebebis damcveli organizaciebis, saqarTvelos Tavisufali mediis meSveobiT. Tqven ki yovelives, aTasobiT faqtsa da dokuments ignorirebas ukeTebT da mainc jiutad gaiZaxiT: saqarTveloSi arCevnebi saerTaSoriso standartebis doneze Catarda umniSvnelo darRvevebiTo. saqarTvelos amJamindeli antxalxuri reJimi ki sargeblobs Tqveni Seuwynarebeli subieqtivizmiT da saqarTvelos mosaxleobas kvlav Zalmomreobis saSualebiT Tavs axvevs sicruesa da ukanonobas, rac saZirkvelia im araadamianuri reJimisa, romelsac dRes saakaSvilis diqtatura hqvia saxelad da axrCobs da andgurebs qveynis mosaxleobas, mis ekonomiur potencials, bunebriv da erovnul simdidres, sulieri da materialuri kulturis monapovrebs!

Tqven dagaviwydaT, Tu TqvenTvis araviTari mniSvneloba ara aqvs 2007 wlis 7 noembers, rogorc Tavis droze 1992 wlis 6 ianvars. saqarTvelos mosaxleobisaTvis ki es dReebi ubedurebis dReebia. es dReebi qveynis istoriaSi Seva, rogorc samarcxvino furceli da dReebi saxelmwifo terorizmisa, romelsac Tqvengan qebuli diqtatorebis e. SevardnaZisa da m. saakaSvilis saxelebi erqmeva mudam. da Tu ase gaagrZelebT - maTTan erTad daerqmeva Tqvenic! am tragediis xsovnas ver waSlis Tqveni yalbi daskvnebi da dadgenilebebi, uaryofa sinamdvilisa da simarTlisa! Tqveni amgvari qmedebebi xels uwyobs saqarTveloSi mudmivi politikuri destabilizaciis Seqmnas, qveyanaSi afuZnebs ganukiTxaobis, usamarTlobisa da dausjelobis sindroms! gagvagebineT, vis interesebSi Sedis yovelive es? "demokratiuli" dasavleTis Tu "totalitaruli" aRmosavleTis?

saqarTvelos xalxi uxsovari droidanve aRiqvamda Tavis Tavs, rogorc dasavleTis organul nawils. misi SemoqmedebiTi geni, misi inteleqti, misi adaT-wesebi yovelTvis mijaWvuli iyo dasavluri kulturis civilizaciasTan. saqarTvelos mosaxleobisTvis jer kidev adreul xanebSive ucxo ar yofila sajaroobis, Semwynareblobis, Tanasworobis da kacTmoyvareobis idealebi da principebi. amas mowmobs saqarTvelos mravalsaukunovani istoria! dRevandeli parlamentarizmisa da demokratiis winamZRvrebi da winamorbedebi mravlad aris saqarTvelos arsebobis manZilze, Tundac saqarTvelos didi mefis - Tamar dedoflis darbazi. misi marTveloba dRevandeli konstituciuri monarqizmis winamorbedia. misi marTvelobis dros saqarTveloSi sikvdiliT dasja gauqmda! es saqarTveloSi moxda XII - XIII saukuneTa mijnaze, maSin rodesac evropis kontinentze jer kidev inkviziciebi mZvinvarebda da misi cecxli anadgurebda uTvalav adamians! iqneb hqondes amas mniSvneloba im dros, rodesac e. w. saarCevno damkvirveblebi saqarTvelos xalxs evlinebian mediatorebad da WeSmariti demokratiuli principebis ana-banas mqadageblebad?!

Tavisi stumarTmoyvareobiT saqveynod ganTqmul saqarTvelos xalxSi saerTaSoriso sadamkvirveblo misiebis warmomadgenlebi ukve aRiqmebian, rogorc arakeTili da arasasurveli stumrebi, romlebic uxeSad erevian qveynis saSinao saqmeebSi, mwvane Suqs aZleven ukanonobas, Zalmomreobas, totalitarizmsa da diqtaturas, usamarTlobasa da uzneobas, sisastikesa da Seuwynareblobas!

nuTu esaa Tqveni saerTaSoriso "humanitaruli" misia? nuTu saarCevno kampaniis periodi saqarTveloSi damkvirveblebad Camosuli CinovnikebisaTvis drostarebis samsaxurebrivi mivlinebaa?! nuTu amdenma aseulma damkvirvebelma ver dainaxa yovelive is, rac arCevnebis dRes xdeboda saqarTveloSi?! ratom ar ugdeben yurs saqarTvelos arasamTavrobo organizaciebis, miumxrobel damkvirvebelTa armiis samarTlian pretenziebsa da monacemebs? es aris Tqveni ybadaRebuli dasavluri demokratia? TeTris Savad gasaRebis, borotebis sikeTed monaTvlis, usamarTlobis samarTlianobad dakanonebis principebi udevs safuZvlad evro-amerikul demokratias?

gansakuTrebiT aRSfoTebulebi varT natos, eu-s, euTos da e. w. demokratiuli qveynebis mmarTveli wreebis poziciiT. Cven aseTi STabeWdileba gvrCeba, maT sulac ar anaRvlebT saqarTvelos saxelmwifos momavali, misi mosaxleobis xvedri, maTTvis raRac dafaruli politikuri miznebia mTavari! nuTu msoflio demokratiis zneobis sazomi mxolod erTi bareli navTobis fasis eqvivalentia?!

sainteresoa, aqvs Tu ara batonebs bodens, iorSsa da maT kolegebs sakuTari qveyana da Tu aqvT, ras moimoqmedebdnen isini maT qveyanaSi, Tanamedrove "demokratiis" bumSi, aseTi arCevnebis Catarebis SemTxvevaSi?

es saerTaSoriso gaerTianebebi da organizaciebi TandaTan kargaven saqarTvelos mosaxleobaSi ndobasa da avtoritets. amgvari qmedebiT dRes saerTaSoriso modaSi myofi evrokavSiri TandaTan emsgavseba gardacvlil sabWoTa kavSirs da Tu es ase gagrZeldeba, isic mis beds gaiziarebs! usamarTlobaze, fsevdofaseulobebze aSenebuli xuxula pirvelsave sios Semobervisas qars wahyveba!

Tqvens amgvar qmedebas saqarTvelos xalxi aRiqvams, rogorc saerTaSoriso SeTqmulebas saqarTvelos qveynis winaaRmdeg!

icodeT, istoria da misi kanonebi samarTliania, aravis arafers ar apatiebs. prezidentebi icvlebian - xalxi ki maradiulia, usamarTlo Zlierebas didi dReE ar uweria! saqarTvelos xalxi ar imsaxurebs suliT avadmyofTa da kacTmoZuleTa mmarTvelobas! arsebuli reJimi saqarTvelos mosaxleobaze Tavsmoxveuli daumsaxurebeli sircxvilia kacobriobis did ojaxSi!

mogiwodebT, pativi eciT saqarTvelos mosaxleobis umravlesobis nebas da ara saxelmwfo damnaSaveebis da maTi mosyidul-moqrTamuli avazakebis avadmyofur ltolvas Zalauflbisaken!

nu gaTelavT kidev erTxel saqarTvelos xalxis uflebebsa da Rirsebas, mis Tavmoyvareobas!

nu gaTelavT wminda adamianur grZnobebs - samarTlianobas da keTilsindisierebas! ugdeT yuri saqarTvelos xalxs!

nu CaereviT uxeSad saqarTvelos saSinao saqmeebSi da amiT nu daatexavT qveyanas morig ubedurebas, romelic sabediswero aRmoCndeba qveynis mosaxleobisaTvis!

6 ianvari 2007 w.

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aleqsandre sanduxaZe

danaSaulis daviwyeba, wayrueba da maszed Tvalis daxuWva saqarTvelos mermisis ganadgurebaa

saqarTveloSi datrialebulma bolodroindelma movlenebma, romelTa mimarT gulgrili ver iqneba verc erTi normaluri qarTveli, saqarTvelos moqalaqe Tu mis sulsa da gulSi odnav mainc darCenila mamuliSvilobis, samarTlianobis grZnoba, kvlav gamiCines survili kidev erTxel gamemeorebina mravaljer Tqmuli: am qveyanas patroni ara hyavs, saqarTvelo TandaTan emsgavseba, qvis xanidan axlad TavdaRweul qveyanas. xalxi Tavis Tavs veRar uvlis, saqarTveloSi kaci aRar iZebneba rom am ubedur sazogadoebas SeuZaxos - "ras sCadixar, Se ubeduro, svegamwarebulo xalxo, ra ferxulSi Cabmulxar, vis wisqvilzed miuSvi Rari, romlidanac Senive sisxli gadmodis, ras gacundrukeben satanis mociqulebi, veRar unda gaigo, rom eseni yvelani erTi oxroba da dozanaa, miayare miwa da gadauZaxe pirwmindad istoriis sanagveze"-Tqo.

dRevandeli mdgomareoba metad rTulia, am dilemidan qveyana am aTeuli arCevnebis gziT ver da ar daaRwevs Tavs, saqmes ise blandaven TiTqos sxva gza, sxva xsna aRar iyos qveyanaze. ara da rogor Catardeba arCevnebi es didi xania cnobilia qarTveli sazogadoebisTvis, mis samarTlainad Catarebas vera da ar uzrunvelyofs is asobiT e.w. saerTaSoriso damkvirvebeli, romlebic saqarTveloSi savoiaJod moemgzavrebian, maTi funqcia fiqciaa da sxva araferi, gana SevardnaZis dros ar mobrZandebodnen es vaJbatonebi arCevnebis zedamxedvelebad? gana eseni ar uwerdnen xels SevardnaZes yalbi da Zaladobrivi arCevnebis dasakanoneblad da misi veragobisTvis legitimaciis misaRebad?

es e. w. opozicia xom guSindeli damnaSaveebis xrovaa, amis Tqmis uflebas maZlevs is, rom amaTi absoluturi umravlesoba yofili saqsaxsabWos, saqarTvelos gkCp-s wevri da SevardnaZis parlamentis nadeputataria, yofili moqkavSirelia?! damnaSaveTa adgili ki sadac aris yvelas Cinebulad moexseneba. xalxma am personebs droze unda miuCinos is adgili! aqvT ki ufleba im pirebs ilaparakon saqarTvelos damoukideblobaze, mis Tavisuflebaze, vinc xeli moawera saqarTvelos ”dsT"-Si SeTrevas, nulovan variants, rusi okupantebisTvis “samSvidobo" mandatis miniWebas?

iqneb minmem miTxras inaniebeno, esec siyalbea! qvedabuni da avazaki arasodes inaniebs bolomdis veragobas! waikiTxeT “asaval-dasavalis” 52-e nomerSi dabeWdili erT-erTi maTganis interviu da darwmundebiT yoveliveSi. “didi politikosi, demokrati da internacionalisti" - xanidravas vaJbatoni brZanebs: "Cemi politikuri pozicia zviadis mimarT ucvlelia"-o. mavanni ki CagvCiCineben inaniebeno, da am avazakebs warmogvidgenen ganwmendil gmirebad. swored rom ucvlelia maTi “politikuri pozicia" ara marto gamsaxurdias mimarT, aramed TviT saqarTvelos mimarT da mitom aris qveyana am dReSi. swored rom am WkuaTxeli da sindiscarieli vaJbatonisa da misi dostebis "politikurma poziciam" amoagdo da daaqcia qveyana! amaT kide ca qudad ar miaCniaT da dedamiwa qalamnad. Tumc sxvas vis ra unda movkiTxo, roca apekunad da Tanameinaxed am garewrebs is hyavT, vinc ar unda hyavdeT. sakiTxavia, ramdenjer iyo mTavrobaSi da rogor daaregulira "konfliqtebi" torez kulumbegovis apekunma da Wirisufalma?

didi humanisti, Tu ar vcdebi, haine ambobda - "moRalates mieteveba maSin, roca CamoaxrCobeno", Tu dRes ukve sayovelTaod naTelmosilia is faqti, romelic 1991-1992 wlebSi moxda Cvens qveyanaSi, maSin sad aris samsjavro? SemomedavebiT qristianul mimteveblobasa da kacTmoyvareobaSi, ki batono, magram amaTma vis ra apaties? Aapaties mxatvar nodias, rom is "Secda" da daxata prezident gamsaxurdias suraTi?Amarjvena mohkveTes da guli amoarTves amaTma jalaTebma! sad iyvnen es naZiralebi maSin, ros saqarTvelo sisxlis tborSi idga? sad iyvnen maSin rodesac samegrelo saqarTvelos vandead aqcies am satanistma revolucionrebma?

7 noembers dagvarbieso - aikles planeta! Aavazakebo, saqarTvelos dedaqalaqSi sasaklao rom gqondaT gamarTuli maSin sad iyo Tqveni kacTmoyvareoba? 1992 wlis zamTarSi daxvretili mitingebis dros sad jandabaSi gqondaT "humanizmis" grZnoba, gana maSin orjer meti adamiani ar gamovida quCaSi kanonierebis dasacavad? gana Tqven ar axSobdiT maT sisxlSi? ar misvriao - mjiRze muStebs ibraguneben, Tu ar gisvria, ra gaakeTe imisaTvis rom ar esrolaT an maSin ra hqeni roca ukve isroles?

gazeTebi da televizia dagvirbieso, "iberia speqtrs" rom arbevdnen maSin sad nebivrobdiT? sisocxle rom jojoxeTad uqcies sulnaTel irakli gociriZes maSin vis mxares iyaviT? Svilebi rom dauxoces amoiReT ki xma? da kidev vin icis ramdeni ram, rac Tqvens sisxlian sulis xarjzea? me ar masvenebs im namdvili qarTvelebis suli da sisxli, romelic cas SehRaRadebs samarTalisTvis! me axlac mesmis Svilmkvdari dedebis moTqma-godeba, rodesac isini Svilebs ki ar dastirodnen, aramed maT ubedur deda samSoblos, Torem satirali isini ar iyvnen satirali Tqven xarT, cocxlad darCenili avazakebi!

xsna da saSveli aris, batonebo, aris! saqarTvelos mosaxleobam dauyovnebliv unda moiwvios saerTo saxalxo Tavyriloba. yrilobaze unda Seikribos marTali da patiosani warmomadgenlebi saqarTvelos yoveli qalaqidan da soflidan, unda Seikribos is xalxi - visac arasodes auRia xelSi iaraRi saqarTvelos kanonieri xelisuflebis winaaRmdeg; vinc arasodes yofila putCis sulisCamdgmeli da ideologi; vinc arasodes yofila 1992 wlidan SevardnaZis saxelisuflebo struqturebSi, nomenklaturul Tanamdebobebze; ar yofila gareuli saxelmwifo gadatrialebaSi; visac arasodes dauWeria mxari danaSaulebrivi janyisTvis! saqarTvelos mosaxleobam swored aseTi adamianebi unda aRWurvos ndobis mandatiT da wargzavnos am saerTo saxalxo Tavyrilobaze. am yrilobam unda imsjelos saqarTvelos gadarCenaze, am yrilobam unda gadaayenos dRevandeli antiadamianuri reJimi, naSTi SevardnaZis borotebisa, Tavisi e. w. opoziciiT, unda CamoaSoros es bandebi saxelisuflo sadaveebs, gaaneitralos is mudmiv moqmedi naRmi, romelic sravs miwis pirisagan qveyanas, anadgurebs da aCanagebs mis mosaxleobas. am yrilobam unda airCios erovnuli darbazi, romelmac unda Seamzados saqarTveloSi kanonierebis aRdgenis procedura, devnil, namdvili demokratiuli arCvenebiT arCeul uzenaes sabWos unda mieces Tavisi uflebamosilebis aRdgenis saSualeba garkveuli vadiT, man unda gadawyvitos saxalxo referendumze dayrdnobiT, Tu rogori tipis saxelmwifoebrivi wyoba unda damkvidrdes saqarTveloSi - saprezidento, saparlamento Tu konstituciur-monarqiuli.

saqarTvelos mosaxleobam unda SeZlos sakuTari Tavis gadarCena, sakuTari Rirsebis aRdgena, erTxel da samudamod stabiluri saxelmwifos Seqmna da Camoyalibeba. saqarTvelos mosaxleobam uari unda uTxras sulisamomxdel, sulSi CamfurTxebel amaT arCevnobanas, unda miaRwios mSvidobiani samoqalaqo daumorCileblobis gziT aiZulos dRevandeli antiadamianuri reJimi da misi e.w. opozicia angariSi gauwios saqarTvelos mosaxleobis nebas da dastovon politikuri sarbieli! vici, es yovelive Zneli iqneba, magram maradJams gausaZlisSi sulis amoxdis Tavidan acilebisTvis erTi gadamwyveti nabijis gadadgma aucilebelia, romelic Tavis adgils miuCens yvelasa da yvelafers! es saqme unda gaakeTos patiosanma, maRalkvalificiurma xalxma iuristi iqneba is ekonomisti Tu vinc ar unda iyos da ara am uwignurTa xrovam. imedi maqvs aseTi xalxi jer kidev hyavs saqarTvelos, romlebic CrdilSi dganan da maT gamoCenas elis qveyana.

qarTvel ers, saqarTvelos mosaxleobas arvisgan eswavleba cxovrebis wesi, is aravis receptebs ar saWiroebs! icis Tavisi Tavis yadric da fasic, man ar unda dauSvas qveyanaSi ucxo, Savbneli Zalebis xelebis faTuri am manqurTi, erTujrediani arsebebis saxiT! qveynis bedi, misi marTva-gamgeoba ar unda iyos damokidebuli amJamindel, idiot "cnobad saxeebze" da e.w. politikosebze! Torem, sxvagvarad ar egebis, kars sikvdilia momdgari, amaT binZur baqxanaliebs ar unda Seewiros mravalsaukunovani qveyana da misi saxelmwifoebrioba. Torem, rac dRes saqarTveloSi xdeba, yovelive es saxels utexs isedac RirsebaSelaxul saxelmwifosa da mis xalxs msoflio sazogadoebriobis winaSe, qveyana sabediswero CixSi moaqcia saqarTvelos e. w. politikurma partiebma, sul erTia is mmarTveli iqneba Tu mowinaaRmdege.

dRevandel politikur elitas unda CamoerTvas ufleba - iyos arCeuli arCeviT organoebSi da ufleba saxelmwifo moxeleobisa. amas isini imsaxureben im mravalwliani gamocdilebidan, romelic saxeze gvaqvs! ager ukve TxuTmeti welia saqarTvelos mosaxleoba xedavs rogori moxeleebic da politikosebi arian. xalxma unda daisvenos, unda amoisunTqos am yofili komunistebis, komsomolebis, kgbCnikebis Tu moqkavSirlebisagan! Cveni dRevandeli avadmyofobis mizezi amaTi amgvari parpaSia.

aravis araferi ekiTxeba, arc danaSauli. arc Ralati, Tumca ra, amaTi sulieri mwyemsic xom warsulis daviwyebas hqadagebs, im warsulis daviwyebas, romlis daviwyebac aramc da aramc ar SeiZleba! Aar unda gavaxsenoT Zveli codvebi erTurTso - ase brZaneben, rodesac maTi codvebis da araadamianobis gamo isjeba milionobiT ubralo, udanaSaulo adamiani, romlebic am avazakTa xrovas da maT meurveebs fexebzec aRar hkidiaT!

danaSaulis daviwyeba, wayrueba da maszed Tvalis daxuWva saqarTvelos mermisis ganadgurebaa, rac saerTod ar anaRvlebT amaTs, piriqiT frontis sxvadasxva xazidan am erTi miznisTvis iRwvian, dRevandelma Taobam aramc da aramc ar unda dauSvas es!

iqneb Rirdes amaze dafiqreba patiosano adamiano, romelic saqarTveloSi cxovrob da is Sens qveynad Sens samSoblod migaCnia? danarCeni TviT gansajeT, dro aRar iTmens, dayovneba Ralatia!

vitoveb imeds, rom es ubralo, upretenzio werili oriode qarTvels mainc daafiqrebs Cveni samSoblos bed-iRbalze

samSoblos bedze mofiqrali erTi ubralo, rigiTi qarTveli.

avstria. 2007 wlis dekemberi

X X X

prof. tariel futkaraZe

kavkasiis geopolitikuri mniSvneloba da

saqarTvelos dRevandeli orientirebi

(saqarTvelos oqros saSuali fsevdoliberalur da fundamentalistur ukiduresobebs Soris)

dRes kavkasiaze gadis sazRvari did omsa da mSvidobas Soris: kavkasiis stabiluroba Zalian sWirdeba saqarTvelosac da mTel msofliosac. Sesabamisad, saqarTvelos yoveli moqalaqisa Tu civilizebuli msofliosTvis amJamad arsebiTia kiTxva:

ra SemTxvevaSia SesaZlebeli kavkasiis (resp. saqarTvelos) stabiluri ganviTarebis, mSvidobisa da samarTliani samoqalaqo cxovrebis uzrunvelyofa?

yvela cdilobs, sakuTari xedva-aRqmis sistemis safuZvelze ipovos pasuxi am kiTxvaze; 1991 wlis Semdeg dRes pirvelad (2007 wlis miwuruls da 2008 wlis dasawyisSi) swored amitomaa aseTi aqtiuri amomrCeveli saqarTveloSi da amitomac Camodis amdeni ucxoeli damkvirvebeli 5 ianvris plebiscitsa da arCevnebze...

vfiqrob, didi politikis TvalsazrisiT, odnav sxvagvarad unda formulirdes problema:

2008 wlis Semdeg vin gaakontrolebs amierkavkasias? isev ruseTi, "nato" Tu msoflios wamyvani qveynebi SeTanxmdebian Sualedur variantze?

am fonze, kidev erTxel davsvaT CvenTvis sasicocxlo kiTxva:

rogoria saqarTvelos perspeqtivebi?

yvelam icis: warsulis gaazrebis gareSe momavals adekvaturad ver ganvsazRvravT, amitom mokled kavkasiis geopolitikuri warsulis Sesaxeb:

amierkavkasiis centralur nawilSi uZvelesi qarTveluri saxelmwifoebis Camoyalibeba (Zv.w. II-I aTaswleulebi) gansazRvra kavkasiis strategiuli uReltexilebis gakontrolebis saWiroebam.

 magaliTad, Zveli berZnebisa Tu laTinebis SefasebiT, kavkasioni faqtobrivad mijnavda civilizebul da barbarosul samyaroebs... kerZod, jer kidev ori aTasi wlis win kacobriobisaTvis kavkasionis didi mniSvneloba plinius ufrosma Semdegi sityvebiT Seafasa: "kavkasiis kari (anu darialis karibWe) samyaros or nawilad hyofs".

prof. giorgi qavTaraZis marTebuli azriT, msoflios geopolitikuri dayofis TvalsazrisiT, bunebis mier nageb kavkasionis "kedels" civilizebuli samyarosTvis igive funqcia eniWeboda, rac keTilgonieri adamianebis mier barbarosebis sawinaaRmdegod agebul xelovnur zRudeebs (mag., CineTis did kedels an adrianes kedels (Roman Limes).

samxedro-strategiuli Rirebulebis garda, uZvelesi periodidanve amierkavkasias, rogorc kulturul-ekonomikur oazissa da gzajvaredins, didi mniSvneloba hqonda evraziisTvis. amitomacaa, rom winare elinisturi xanidan dRemde did imperiaTa mier kavkasionis mTagrexilis gadasasvlelebis gakontrolebis interesma araerTxel sabediswerod gaarTula qarTvelTa yofa-cxovreba...

XIX saukunemde, zogjer Zalian Rirseulad, zogjer ki didi wvalebiT, saqarTvelo mainc flobda kavkasiis uReltexilebsa da ZiriTad gzebs; Sesabamisad, qarTveli xalxic inarCunebda Tavis saxesa da funqcias.

XIX saukunidan ruseTis imperia, cdilobs ra damkvidrdes kavkasiaSi, pirvel rigSi eswrafvis, dayos saqarTvelo; am mizniT jer kidev mefis ruseTi araqarTvelebad acxadebs qarTvelTa nawils: aWarlebs, xevsurebs, megrelebs, svanebs, lazebs, TuSebs, imerlebs... metic, arTmevs qarTulad wirva-locvis uflebas.

imperiis qmedebam aRaSfoTa samegrelos, svaneTis Tu sxva kuTxeebis qarTveloba, vinaidan maT dainaxes safrTxe: dampyrobeli maT istoriul dedaenas uucxovebda da am gziT ukargavda (aviwyebda) mravalsaukunovan werilobiT kulturas.

ruseTis enobrivi diversia sabWoTa periodSic gagrZelda. komunistur  imperiasac win aRudga yvela kuTxis mosaxleoba; gansakuTrebiT aqtiurobdnen samegreloSi aRzrdili cnobili moRvaweebi (konstantine gamsaxurdia, Tedo saxokia...), romelTa Zalisxmevam komunistur kremlsac ki ukan daaxevina.

dResac safrTxe emuqreba qarTveli eris mravalsaukunovan enobriv-eTnokulturul da teritoriul erTianobas, vinaidan, nebsiT Tu uneblieT, am mimarTulebiT muSaoben, rogorc e.w. fsevdoliberaluri mimarTulebis momxre qarTvelebi ("Tavisuflebis instituti", sorosis fondis qveSevrdomebi, g. bokeria, k. lomaia, n. ladaria... eseni warmoadgenen religiuri eqstremistebisa da fsevdonacionalur-fundamentalisturi jgufebis sapirispiro radikalur frTas, romlebic cdiloben, meorexarisxovnad aqcion qarTuli erovnuli faseulobani, megrel-laz-svanebs gauucxovon qarTuli samwignobro kultura - dedaenobrivi tradicia...), aseve, ruseTis imperiis ideologiuri narCenebi...

qarTvelTa umravlesobas kargad esmis tradiciuli erovnuli Rirebulebebis mniSvneloba sakuTari identobis/meobis TvalsazrisiT; amitom sazogadoeba fiqrobs: ramdenadac pirveli jgufi (Tavisuflebis instituti...) faqtobrivi xelisuflebis erT-erT ZiriTad segments qmnis dasavleTis mxardaWeriT, maSasadame, qarTvelur Rirebulebebs dasavleTisganac igive safrTxe emuqreba, rogoric ruseTisgan... Sedegad, nihilizmi isadgurebs; amasobaSi meore jgufi isev aqtiurad Cndeba politikur Tu sazogadoebriv asparezze da imperiul ruseTs uCndeba Sansi, daitovos amierkavkasia...

dRes qarTvelTa nawili fiqrobs:

ra mniSvneloba aqvs, mgeli SemWams Tu mglisferi ZaRli?

arada, swored dRes unda daiZlios nihilizmi Tu gaurkvevloba, vinaidan 2008 wlis 5 ianvris plebiscitiT didi, saSviliSvilo arCevani keTdeba...

am etapze, pirvel rigSi, dasavleTma saqarTvelos mosaxleoba unda daarwmunos, rom misgan safrTxe ar emuqreba qarTul (Tu kavkasiur) meobas, identobas; Sesabamisad, aqtiuri saganmanaTleblo sivrcidan Tu politikidan unda gaiyvanos mis mier dafinansebuli da qarTul politikaSi gaaqtiurebuli e.w. qarTveli liberalebi (zemoT warmovadgineT maTi pirobiTi sia), romelTac Zalian uaryofiTi reitingi aqvT saqarTveloSi...

aseve, aucilebelia, erTxel da samudamod iTqvas, rom qarTvelebi iseTni vWirdebiT msoflios Tu megobrulad ganwyobil mezoblebs, rogornic varT: sakuTari enisa da kulturis mqone mravalsaukunovani marTlmadideblebi (amavdroulad ‚€“ tolerantebi) - uZvelesi droidanve ZiriTadi dasavluri GRirebulebebis matarebelni evropis ukidures sazRvarze.

aseTi Rirsebis mqone qarTveli kaci usaxur poligonad aravis dauTmobs Tavis istoriul sacxovriss...

amierkavkasiaSi ruseTis imperiis batonobis 200-wlian periodSi, rodesac kavkasionis uReltexilebs (da axalgayvanil rokis gvirabs; swored kavkasionis sakontrolod Seqmna ruseTma e.w. samxreT oseTis avtomonia; Sdr.: cxinvalSi mxolod 2 osuri ojaxi cxovrobda XX saukunis dasawyisSi) aralegitimurad daepatrona ruseTi, kavkasiis mkvidri xalxebis saxelmwifoebriobam danarCeni msofliosTvis TiTqosda dakarga Tavisi istoriuli funqcia; Tumca, 1991 wels saqarTvelos respublikaSi Catarebuli referendumis Semdeg gamocxadebulma saqarTvelos damoukideblobis aRorZinebam da amierkavkasiis sxva saxelmwifoebis perspeqtivebma isev gaaqtualura kavkasionis kontrolis sakiTxi: amierkavkasiis saxelmwifoebs (gansakuTrebiT saqarTvelos) isev daubrunda arsebiTi geopolitikuri roli.

bolo periodSi amierkavkasiis geopolitikuri roli gazarda kaspiisa da Sua aziis navTobisa Tu gazis evroamerikulma perspeqtivamac.

dResdReobiT kavkasiis saxelmwifos srulyofili funqcionireba xelovnurad ferxdeba ruseTis mier provocirebuli konfliqtebis gamo, romelsac usamarTlod uwodeben eTnokonfliqtebs Tu samoqalaqo omebs (sinamdvileSi, es konfliqtebi ruseT-saqarTvelos omis waxnagebia!)...

sabWour periodSi ideologiuri wnexisa da mkacri cenzuris pirobebSi kavkasiis enebis, kulturebis Tu, zogadad, xalxebis istoria ZiriTadad ruseTis imperiis sqemiT iwereboda; iqmneboda yalbi orientirebi; saqarTvelos dedaqalaqSi amitomac dgamdnen renegatebis Zeglebs (nacvlad didi mefeebisa Tu gmirebis...)...

Sesabamisad, Tanamedrove mecnierTaTvis ZiriTadad cnobilia imperiis gegmiT Seqmnili ideologizebuli "mecnieruli debulebebi"; amitom bevri faqti Tu movlena dRes sruliad axleburadaa (obieqturadaa) gasaazrebeli da misawodebeli msofliosTvis...

bunebrivia, am pirobebSi metwilad araadekvaturi informaciebi aqvT Tanamedrove Jurnalistebs, politikosebs, studentebs, farTo sazogadoebriobas...

amJamindeli msoflios politikuri vnebebi Zvelisgan Tvisobrivad didad ar gansxvavdeba; oRond, maRalia informaciisa Tu dezinformaciis gavrcelebis siswrafe: mosalodnelia, rom bevri cudi procesi swrafad ganviTardes saTanado prevenciis ararsebobis SemTxvevaSi...

amitomac, dRes gansakuTrebiTaa saWiro, rom siRrmiseulad, Tanamedrove mecnieruli meTodologiiT gaanalizdes kavkasiis Zveli, axali Tu uaxlesi politikuri da eTno-lingvisturi Tu kulturul-saganmanaTleblo procesebi.

   Cemi azriT, msofliosTvis kavkasiis stabiluroba iolad miRwevadia, Tuki adekvaturad dafasdeba kavkasiis mkvidrTa erovnul-saxelmwifoebrivi faseulobebi da sworad ganisazRvreba qarTvelTa saxelmwifos roli kavkasiis geopolitikur sivrceSi.

CemTvis erTi ram aSkaraa:

kavkasiis "gasaRebi" erTi didi imperiis xelSi ar unda iyos; kavkasiaSi geopolitikuri wonasworoba mTelma msofliom unda SeinarCunos kavkasiis avtoqToni mosaxleobis meobisa da Rirsebis gaTvaliswinebiT.

es ganxorcielebedia mxolod kavkasiis obieqturi codniT (da ara ladariebiseuli yalbi sqemebiT) swori orientirebis gansazRvris pirobebSi...

      vidre saqarTvelos orientirebze vityodeT rames, kidev erT faqts SevexebiT:

1991-2007 wlebSi saqarTveloSi momxdari arc erTi movlena arsobrivad ar Seupirobebia demokratiis, samarTliani arCevnebis (/xmebis sworad daTvlis), Tu socialuri Tanasworobis moTxovnas; kerZod:

1991-93 wlebSi ruseTis imperiam daamxo/gandevna zviad gamsaxurdias xelisufleba imitom, rom igi iTxovda saqarTvelos/kavkasiis damoukideblobas ruseTisgan (saqarTvelos respublikis uzenaesma sabWom sabWoTa kavSiris jars mianiWa saokupacio jaris statusi)... qarTveli xalxis nebis gareSe, maSin, saerTaSoriso garigebiT, amierkavkasia darCa ruseTs.

2004 wlis gadatrialebiT, "TeTri melas" ormagi TamaSiT "daRlilma" evroamerikulma aliansma, xelisuflebaSi mouSva mixeil saakaSvili, romelmac mkveTri nabijebi gadadga natosken.

axla ruseTi isev cdilobs revanSs (Sdr.: kosovos modeliT SantaJi; e.w. rusuli pasportebis darigeba, 2008 wlis 6 ianvris destabilizaciiT muqara...).

aSkaraa:

dRes saqarTveloze gadis natosa da ruseTis imperiis "basri" sazRvari (ruseTTan mimarTebiT ra adgils iWers irani, CineTi... es kidev sxva sakiTxia)...

romel mxares darCeba saqarTvelo?

samgvari perspeqtivaa:

1. ruseTs surs, daitovos amierkavkasia (Tbilisi rokis gvirabiTurT, Savi zRvis sanapiro...);

2. evroamerikulma aliansma didi fuli daxarja kaspiis auzis kontrolisTvis; mas strategiuli Tbilisi da rokis gvirabi sWirdeba (amitomac SeiZleba daTanxmdes afxazeTis teritoriaze Tavisufali ekonomikuri zonis gamocxadebas);

3. msoflio SeTanxmdeba, rom kavkasia arcerTi didi aliansisgan ar iyos kontrolirebadi; Sesabamisad, saerTo konsensusiT, didi politikuri moTamaSeni uflebas miscemen saqarTvelos mosaxleobas, Tavisufali nebis gamoxatviT legitimurad airCios xelisufleba da akontrolos saqarTvelos istoriuli teritoria (rokis gvirabi, kavkasionis uReltexilebi, baqo-jeihanis magistrali...).

mesame varianti: saqarTvelo - msoflios kavkasiuri Sveicaria, jerjerobiT patriot qarTvelTa ocnebad rCeba. aqve vityviT imasac, rom "msoflio SeTanxmebis" gareSe saqarTvelos mier TviTdeklarirebuli "politikuri neitraliteti" kraxiT damTavrda 1801, 1921, 1991 wlebSi (da momavalSic ase iqneba!): samivejer ruseTma cinikurad, iaraRis ZaliT daipyro saqarTvelo; garda amisa, Seecada, enobriv-eTnikurad daeSala qarTveloba da gaenadgurebina qarTulenovani saganmanaTleblo da eklesia!.

...arc msoflio da arc qarTveloba dRes da momavalSic aRar Seegueba, rom amierkavkasia/saqarTvelo isev rusebma akontrolon (yvelam viciT, rom kulturul-ekonomikuradac ki saqarTvelo fexze manam ver dadgeba, sanam mis teritoriaze ruseTis saokupacio jari dgas)...

vfiqrob, am etapze ufro mosalodnelia, kavkasia gadanawildes "natosa" da ruseTs Soris:

baqo-jeihanis magistrali - evroalianss, afxazeTi ‚- neitraluri zona (saqarTvelos iuridiul farglebSi), Crdilo kavkasia - ruseTs; sakamaTo/savaWro iqneba rokis gvirabis sakiTxi...

Cven, saqarTvelos mosaxleobas gvxiblavs Tu ara es perspeqtiva?

samwuxarod, gareSe Zalebi Tu maTgan marTuli qarTuli politikuri speqtris udidesi nawili dResac abnevs saqarTvelos eleqtorats socialur aspeqtebze Tu demokratiul Rirebulebebze demagogiiT da am gziT uuferulebs mTavar safrTxeebs; farTo sazogadoebas jerjerobiT amitom uWirs swori orientirebis danaxva da egueba aralegitimur politikur movlenebs (didi xania droa, samarTlebrivad Sefasdes 1991-93 wlebis putCi, SevardnaZis ukanono xelisuflebis aralegitimuri xelSekrulebebi da sxv.)...

sabednierod, dRes ucxoeTSic gaacnobieres, rom saqarTvelos momavlis dagegmvisas, pativi unda scen qarTvelTa erTian enobriv-eTnikur identobas, istoriul rwmenasa da teritoriul mTlianobas... kerZod, vfiqrob, am etapze, evropaSic, amerikaSic, aziaSic da ruseTSic (sadac faqtobrivi xelisufleba jiqur cdilobs, saqarTvelos kidev waarTvas teritoriebi) bevri mixvda:

qristianul (/dasavlur) Rirebulebebze orientirebuli erTiani (arafederaluri), Zlieri saqarTvelo ufro sando partniori iqneba, vidre  teritoriebCamoWrili da enobriv-kulturul-eTnikurad danawevrebuli/federirebuli - cnobierad darRveuli... amas eubneba yvelas saqarTvelos istoriul mezobelTa gamocdilebac...

daskvnis saxiT:

Tanamedrove kavkasia, geopolitikuri TvalsazrisiT. msoflios erT-erT mniSvnelovan regions warmoadgens. misi politikuri, socialuri da ekonomikuri perspeqtivebis ganWvreta SeuZlebelia mxolod amJamad mimdinare movlenebze dakvirvebiT; aucilebelia evraziul sivrceSi kavkasiis istoriuli rolis gaazrebac da kavkasiis mosaxleobis fsiqologiuri wyobis, eTno-kulturuli Rirebulebebis, religiuri, erovnuli da saerTokavkasiuri tradiciebis safuZvliani codnac... gansakuTrebiT kargadaa gasaazrebeli uaxles warsulSi ganviTarebuli movlenebi: saqarTvelos garedan inspirirebuli destabilizacia/putCebi e.w. "demokratiuli Rirebulebebis" moTxovnis sababiT (sinamdvileSi, politikuri orientirebis iZulebiTi cvlilebebi)...

da, isev sadReisod mTavari Temis Sesaxeb:

2008 wels qarTveli eri (/saqarTvelos mosaxleoba) did da saboloo istoriul arCevans akeTebs:

  • an dasavleTis mxardaWeriT aRidgens istoriulad kuTvnil uflebebs kavkasiis strategiuli velis kontrolis TvalsazrisiT;
  • an Tavis sacxovriss isev imperias dautovebs sakontrolod...

Tu stabiluri kavkasia/saqarTvelo gvinda, saqarTvelos moqalaqebmac da saqarTvelos megobrebmac, erTi mxriv, naTlad unda gavacnobieroT qarTvelTaTvis istoriuli faseulobebis (erTiani enobriv-kulturuli memkvidreoba, qarTulenovani eklesia...) mniSvneloba da meore mxriv, unda SevqmnaT pirobebi, saqarTveloSi legitimurad da mSvidad Catardes plebisciti da yvela donis arCevnebi.

mxolod aseT SemTxvevaSi avicilebT Tavidan kavkasiis destabilizacias, romelic ase surs amierkavkasiis SenarCunebis mosurne imperiul Zalas...

mxolod aseT SemTxvevaSi vipoviT oqros saSuals fsevdoliberaluri da fundamentalisturi ukiduresobebis moZalebis saukuneSi...

24 dekemberi 2007 w.

X X X

saqarTvelos zviad ganmaTavisufleblis partiis

sazRvargareTis biuros gancxadeba

bolo dros saqarTveloSi ganviTarebuli movlenebis Sesaxeb

2007 wlis 7 noembrs saqarTvelos dedaqalaqSi xelisuflebis mier ganxorcielebulma vandalizmma erTnairad SeaZrwuna da aRaSfoTa, rogorc ucxoeTSi gaxiznuli qarTveloba, aseve evropis qveynebis sazogadoebrioba.

Cven, ucxoeTSi mcxovrebma qarTvelebis erTma jgufma mravalgzis gamovxateT Cveni pozicia SevardnaZis antisaxelmwifoebrivi da misi memkvidris, e. w. "vardebis revoluciiT" mosuli saakaSvilis antiadamianuri reJimebis mimarT.

Cven yovelTvis undoblobas vucxadebdiT am antidemokratiul Zalebs. noembris Tvis movlenebma kidev ufro gaamyara Cveni pozicia saqarTveloSi "yofil" da arsebul reJimebTan mimarTebaSi. vrCebiT kvlavac erTguli Cveni mamuliSviluri da moqalaqeobrivi mrwamsisa, rac gamoixateba imaSi, rom saqarTveloSi arsebuli rTuli politikuri, social-ekonomiuri viTareba, usamarTloba, ganukiTxaoba da kacTakvla, romlebic daamkvidres saqarTvelos dRevandel sazogadoebriv cxovrebaSi zemoTxsenebulma totalitalurma Zalebma saSiSi da damRupvelia saqarTvelos, rogorc saxelmwifos Semdgomi arsebobisTvis. A

es savalalo mdgomareoba da autaneli viTareba aRmoifxvreba mxolod da mxolod maSin, roca qveyanaSi aRsdgeba istoriul-iuridiuli samarTlianoba, roca saqarTvelos devnil legitimur xelisuflebas - saqarTvelos uzenaes sabWos miecema saSualeba Tavisi moRvaweobis aRdgenisa, romelic SemdgomSi daniSnavs WeSmarit demokratiul arCevnebs. mxolod da mxolod WeSmarit demokratiul da erovnul Zalebs ZaluZT qveynis gamoyvana am sabediswero dilemidan!

dRevandeli e.w. opoziciis absolutur umravlesobas lomis wili miuZRvis amJamindeli rTuli politikur-sazogadoebrivi viTarebis Seqmnasa da damkvidrebaSi. mravali maTgani xom SevardnaZis mier Seqmnili politikuri figurebi an misi guSindeli mokavSireebi arian.

miuxedavad Cveni radikaluri poziciisa, Cven samarTliani guliswyromiTa da aRSfoTebiT vgmobT moSimSileebisa da mSvidobiani demonstraciis darbevas a. w. 7 noembers saqarTvelos amJamindeli reJimis mier.

agreTve, yovlad usafuZvlod da dauSveblad migvaCnia qveyanaSi sagangebo viTarebis SemoRebis precendenti WeSmariti demokratiuli sazogadoebis Seqmnis dasamuxruWeblad.

moviTxovT:

  • qveynis mosaxleobas mieces sityvis Tavisuflad gamoxatvis saSualeba;
  • Sewydes devna da represiebi politikur oponentTa da udanaSaulo mosaxleobis mimarT;
  • dazaralebul da mowamlul moqalaqeebs gaewios saTanado samedicino daxmareba!

momxdari vandalizmi kidev erTxel adasturebs imas, rom saakaSvilis mmarTveloba Zalmomreobasa da avtoritarizmzea damyarebuli, rac egzom saSiSia saqarTvelos saxelmwifoebriobisa da qveynis momavlisaTvis.

saqarTvelos mosaxleobas movuwodebT, rom mTeli Zalisxmeva mimarTos saqarTveloSi darRveuli legitimurobis aRdgenisaken, rac iqneba garanti qveynis mSvidobiani ganviTarebisa da winsvlisa.

RmerTma dalocos sruliad saqarTvelo!

8 noemberi 2007 weli

X X X

xiznis fiqrebi samSoblos burusiT mocul momavalze

deda samSoblo av dedinacvlad gviqcies qarTvelebs, rogorc samSoblodan gadaxvewilebs, aseve mand darCenilebs. qveynis mosaxleobas aevso moTminebis da gamZleobis fiala. gausaZlisma yofam, damcirebam, abuCad agdebam, siRatakem, SimSilma da sicivem, ganukiTxaobam, usamarTlobam, kacTakvlam Tavisi hqna da xalxi quCaSi gamoiyvana. Znelad Tu moiZev saqarTvelos istoriaSi iseT xanas, romelic dRevendel droebas Seedreba. gavimeorebT mravaljer Tqmuls: bolodroindeli katastrofa saqarTvelos saxelmwifoebriobisa, dacema-gadagvareba erisa da erovnuli TviTSegnebisa saTaves iRebs 1991-92 wels saqarTveloSi ganxorcielebuli kriminaluri saxelmwifo gadatrialebidan.

saqarTvelos acamtvereben, wertils usvamen mis arsebobas SevardnaZe da mis saSodan Sobili usaxuri adamian-amfibiebi. Cvens samSobloSi bolo dros ganviTarebuli movlenebi sawindaria kidev ufro uaresisa.

burTi da moedani politikur sarbielze kvlav, rbilad rom vTqvaT, arakeTilsindiseri xalxis xelSia. yovelive aman gamoiwvia noemberis dasawyisSi azvirTebuli saerTo saxalxo moZraobis kraxi. saxalxo mRelvarebis gamoyeneba scada moqmedi reJimis opoziciad Seracxulma sxvadasxva feris, warmomavlobisa da mimarTulebis gaerTianebulma "politikurma" Zalebma. miuxedavd imisa, rom dRevandeli mmarTveli reJimis "mowinaaRmdege" mxares profesional politikosebaze, brZenTa-brZenobaze aqvs pretenzia, igi aRmoCnda ususuri, ugnuri. garda Wkua-gonebisa, niWierebisa, aq umTavresi isev da isev isaa, Tu vis uWiravs ama Tu im aqciis sadaveebi, vin arian isini, saidan movidnen, rogor ganvles gza dRevandlamde. ramdenad uangaro da wmindaa maTi qmedeba, ra dgas yovelive amis ukan - sakuTari miznebi, qvena grZnobebi Tu qveynis gadarCenis survili da swrafva, Tu ucxo Savbneli Zalebis mer Seqmnili scenariT viTardeba yovelive? ai, es aris mTavari! Cvenis Rrma rwmeniT, samamulo saqmeSi gamarjveba mxolod sufTa sulisa da gulis adamianebs SeuZliaT da ara qvebudanebsa da avazakebs, xolo ramdenad sufTa da uxinjo aris maTi umravlesoba, es yvelam viciT.

Cven gvaqvs guSindeli magaliTi zneobriobis gamarjvebisa, rodesac erTi pirovnebis zneobrivma siwmindem, Tavdadebulma mamuliSvilobam sZlia uzarmazar manqanas borotebisas. iqneb Semogvedaos vinme, ras veZaxiT gamarjvebas? ara batonebo, rac 1992 wels moxda is damarcxebaa im bedkruli sazogadoebisa, romelSic mouwia cxovreba Cvens qarTvel mefe maTeuSs! diax, diax, es damarcxebaa im sazogadoebisa, romelmac iaraRi aisxa sikeTis, adamianobis, mamuliSvilobisa da uflis winaaRmdeg! damarcxebaa monobaSi aRzrdili sazogadoebisa, romelsac ar aqvs unari Tavisufali azrovnebisa, gansjisa, ar gaaCnia unari borotebis da keTilis, siwmindisa da uwmindurobis garCevisa. es sazogadoeba moklebulia RvTiur madlasa da suls! ai, is damarcxda da ara saqarTvelos maSindeli Wirisufali, romelic TviT iyo gansaxiereba samSoblos Tavisuflebis da aRorZinebis ideisa! is sicocxleSive iqca legendad da miTad, xolo aRsrulebam samudamod daumkvidra sasufeveli iq, sadac marTalni ganisveneben!

is rom daumarcxebelia es Cven kidev erTxel dagvanaxa bzobis dRem - pirvelma aprilma! gandevnilebi da damarcxebulebi, Tundac gardacvlilebi aseTi didebiT, aseTi triumfiT ar da ver ubrundebian TavianT samSoblos, TavianT xalxs, romelsac man yovelive uangarod Seswira, tarigad miitana mis sakurTxevelze misi sicocxle, sanTlad misi guli daunTo da zecad aRevlina, an ki ra undoda Cvens Soris, varT ki misi Rirsi romelime? man xom yoveli qarTvelis codo-brali TviT itvirTa Cvenda saxsnelad da ise mieaxla ufals! cisqveSeTis saqarTveloSi ki darcxvenilma da mis winaSe Sercxvenilma marTalma qarTvelma kacma gulSi Caikra misi wminda Zvlebi, eTayvana da ise miabara mTawmindis wminda savanes! is pirveli aprili, bzobis brwyinvale dResaswauli iyo yvelaferi! am dRem samaradJamod Semosa is ukvdavebis SeravandediT da ekliani gvirgvini wamebulisa uWknobi dafnis gvirgviniT Seucvala!

mTeli gulisyuriT vadevnebdiT Tvals noembris dReebSi mimdinare movlenebs, tele-ekrans ar vSordebodiT, TiTqmis yvela gamomsvlels movusmineT, calke kidev tele-gadacemebSi monawile pirebsac vusmendiT. isev Zveli gvardia, isev isini, visac SevardnaZem madli uZRvna, isev is uRirsebo "Rirsebis" ordenosanTa amala! arvis, arc erTs ar uTqvamT is umTavresi, Tu ra aris mizezi Cveni gausaZlisi yofisa, yofna-aryofnis winaSe dgomisa. anda ras ityodnen, roca TviT arian mTavari gmirebi im tragediisa, romelic 1992 wels daatyda Cvens samSoblos Tavs, gana amaT ar daanTes is cecxli, romelmac gadabuga sruliad saqarTvelo? gana amaT ar galewes sisxlis kalo jer rusTavelze da Semdeg mTels saqarTveloSi, gansakuTrebiT samegreloSi, romelic imxanad saqarTvelos vandea iyo? eseni ar gahkiodnen - gadabugeT gvelebis budeo? CvenTvis yvelaze metad SemaZrwunebeli da amazrzeni, sulSi CamfurTxebeli iyo gamosvla im arakacisa romelmac ijevanamdis Casdia devnil prezidents da somexTa prezidentisgan moiTxovda ltolvilebis gadacemas. kidev SeiZleboda Tvalis daxuWva, magram es ki metismeti uzneoba iyo! aba, romels gaaxsenda im periodis Svilmkvdari dedebi, romlebic dResac elian samarTals, romelma axsena guram SaraZis veraguli mkvleloba da a.S da a. S. saerTod, romels gaaxsenda, rom saqarTvelos dResac hyavs kanonieri xelisufleba, romelma moiTxova misi aRdgineba? ras aRadgenen, imas, romelic TviTve daamxes da gandevnes?!

CvenTvis sruliad naTelia, rom maTi amJamindeli guliswyroma piradulidan momdinareobda, zogi moxsnes, zogs bina CamoarTves, zogs ra waRlites da zogs ra. Torem aseTi oromtriali da baqi-buqi samSoblos gamo maT arc SevardnaZis Camofarfatebis dros dautrialebiaT! rao maSin aRorZinebis epoqa edga saqarTvelos Tu ra? axla dainaxes, rom samSoblo Tvalsa da xels Sua eclebaT? adardebdaT ki odesme misi bedi? maSin, erTi zestafonuri simRerisa ar iyos, erTmaneTs utexavdnen mWadsa da yvelsa da samSobloze fiqri ar utkiebdaT Tavs. maSin eseni yvelani bednierebi da galaRebulebi iyvnen. gana dRevandeli xelisufleba amaTi sulieri da xorcieli memkvidreebi ar arian? gana maT ar warmoSves is? ras ar vismendiT, rogori sityvebiT ar mimarTavdnen erTurTs, Tu is qveSafsia, suliT avadmyofi, garewari da naZirala iyo, gana Cvenze adre ar unda scodnodaT, vis uWerdnen im dardubala vardobanaSi mxars? visTan Sekres aliansi?!

SevcdiTo. gvacucurakeben. Secdnen imaSi, rom saxravi aRar miugdoT. ise eimedebodaT ki, Torem erTi yalibisani arian yvelani! mSralzed darCenilebi aumxedrdnen naxevar Zmas!

modiT, davuSvaT, rom gaemarjva am e.w. opozicias, mosuliyvnen xelisuflebis saTaveSi. amaTi Sekruli unia xom or kviraSi SemoelewebodaT xelSi, rameTu maTgan zogi konservatori-roialist-monarqistia, zogi memarjvene, zogi memarcxene, zogic centristi da ukacravad pasuxia, bevric, Tu yvela erTad ara - dacentrili! yovel maTgans dRevandelma dRem gadaasxa "praiaviteli"! mermed sam kviraSi kidev axali "ravolucia"? aRar unda damTavrdes amdeni "ravoluciobana"? vin aqcia Cveni mamuli msoflios Savbneli Zalebis laboratoriad da sawvrTnel poligonad? aq isev da isev "uCemoT viT imRereTa"-s suliskveTeba iyo! aba sxvas ras unda mivaweroT dRevandeli "winasaarCevno" vaqxanalia? gana eseni ar gaiZaxodnen saqarTvelo saprezidento mmarTvelobis gareSeo? dRes ki isev miSas saTadarigo WanWikebi da borblebi arian! xalxo, sad gagonila sam milionian qveyanaSi 19 saprezidento kandidatis arseboba, xom Segvqmnes mTeli dedamiwis sasacilod da samatrabazod. mogvWres Tavi mTels duniaze - maSriyidan maRribamde! amdagvars guSin rom tanisamosi moisxes, isini ar dauSvebden!

vai, Cemo xalxo, Tundac xuTi kaci ver gazarde iseTi, amaTs measediT mainc rom sjobdes? yvelafers ise CaliCoben, TiTqos gamosavali arsaidan sCandes. gamosavali aris! rogor ar aris, is dRes tabuirebulia mkacrad! aris gamosavalic da saSvelic, magram ramdenad SesaZlebelia misi ganxorcieleba, es ukve xalxzea damokidebuli - SesZlebs is am tabus damsxvrevasa da gacamtverebas Tu vera? magram meeWveba, rom is im gzas daadges, romliskenac mogviwoda saqarTvelos Tavisuflebis mesaZirkvlem da xuroTmoZRvarma.

vici, metyvian, dagvagdebines is gzao, iqneb marTalic iyos, magram arc nametani sijiute da urCoba gamogviCenia moZaladis winaaRmdeg. nacvlad politikuri pasiurobisa - saerTo erovnuli mSvidobiani daumorCileblobisa, axla "winasaarCevno" politikuri "aqtivobaa" mTels saqarTveloSi. dRes ukve naTelia, rom e. w. opoziciis yovelgvari qmedeba mmarTveli reJimis wisqvilzed asxams amRvreul wyals, am gamoTayvanebulma "opoziciam" imdeni hqna, rom am "wurbelebsa da parazitebs" kidev ramdenime wliT gauxangrZliva bogini. eWvs moklebuli araa is, rom orTave mxare SeTanxmebulad moqmedebdes saidumlo scenaris mixedviT, romelSic Cveni samSoblos da xalxis miwis piridan mosraa Cadebuli! amis Tqmis safuZvels ki momxdari gvaZlevs! saboloo jamSi wagebuli da ganadgurebuli darCeba isev da isev is darbeuli, nacem-nabegvi da mowamluli xalxi, romelsac kidev erTxel moukles momavlis imedi, kidev erTxel Seuryies rwmena sakuTari Tavisa, sakuTari uflebamosilebisa da Zalisa, pativiscema sakuTari Rirsebisa da kvlav Sehyares nihilizmis momakvdinebeli bacila da rac mTavaria - isev da isev aranakleb saSiSi - SiSis sindromi.

uimedoba, usasoeba, rwmenis da imedis Cakvla Tavisas izams, magram saswauli rom moxdes da ufalma kvlav aRirsos Cvens ers merabebi da zviadebi, aRarc maT daZaxilzed gamova qudze kaci. ai, es undodaT da miaRwies erToblivi ZalisxmeviT!

exla, rac Seexeba "arCevnebs": esec Cveulebrivi, SevardnaZiseuli "arCevnobana" iqneba. wyals da mewyers wauRia yvela eseni gaRmelebic da gamoRmelebic. me erTi ram miklavs guls, Cemma xalxma Wkua jerac ver iswavala, iswavla ki ara, mgoni sul gamoelia?! aba, meramdenejer unda acundrukon es "arCevnobana"? modiT, yvelafers edos da mis naSierT nu davabralebT. dRevandeli qarTveloba TviT aris damnaSave Tavis ubedurebis SeqmnaSi. gana Cven rom vargebuliyaviT, is 70 arakaci mogvereoda? Tund mTeli samyaros eSmakebi da belzebelebi mdgariyo maT ukan? gaviZaxiT, qarTveli xalxi brZeniao, brZeni ki ara, gonebaClungi mixvdeboda "vardebis revoluciis" farssa da siyalbes. vis aekideniT, vis aedevneT aRma-daRma, vis saxels gahyvirodiT, vis irCevdiT "prezidentad"? saqarTvelos mxolod erTaderTi kanonieri prezidenti hyavs da isic zeciur saqarTveloSi daivanebs Cvenzed mlocveli da meoxi! aba, saqarTvelos maoxaris gawvrTnili mamulze fiqriT rom ar daidageboda amas ar sWirdeba kantoba da hegeloba. rodesac sazogadoeba hkargavs gansjis, azrovnebis unarsa da jiutad ar surs Caxedos realobas TvalebSi, maSin is dasaRupad aris ganwiruli. dRes xom naTelia yovelive, Tu TviT xalxma ar indoma WeSmariti Tavisufleba, ara egebis sxvagvar! es ucilobeli WeSmaritebaa!

Cveni sazogadoebis gardasaqmnelad ar aRmoCnda sakmarisi is mcire xani, is gaelveba Tavisuflebisa, romelic samaradJamod gvisaxsovra Cvenma wamebulma namdvilma prezidentma da mamulis sarangma zviad gamsaxurdiam. ar aRmoCnda sakmarisi kaTarzisisaTvis is dro, ara da viciT Tu ramden xans atara mosem monobaSi dabadebuli Taoba udabnoSi da rogor Seiyvana axalTaoba aRTqmul qveyanaSi. Cven gvagviandeboda maSin, Tu kidec ar davigvianeT! monoba xom sasikvdilo daavadebaa! monobaSi dabadebuli, aRzrdili da daberebuli Taoba avadmyofia, aseTi avadmyofi sasikvdilod aris ganwiruli. ase mgonia, rom dRevandli qarTveloba sakuTari Tavisa da qveynis mesaflavea! Tu TviT ar indoma gankurneba, maSin ...

isev da isev am wyeuli arCevnebis Sesaxeb... nacvlad imisa, rom Sin dajdnen, kvlav "winasaarCevno" Sekrebebze darbian, zogi visTan da zogic kidev visTan, ara da umravlesoba erTnairi garewari da naZiralaa. naZiralaa is aba ra aris, vinc eWv qveS ayenebs rusTvelis, ilias, vaJas sidiades, xom aitaces maTma STamomavlobam estafetad maTi CaTesili boroti Tesli, qarTvlis dedac Segvigines, Tamaric, kacobac da Rirsebac! ixvarTqaleben, ixvarTqaleben da am gasacodavebul xalxs "prezidentad" kvlav saakaSvili SerCeba xelSi, gind meore turi Catardes da gind mease!

"saprezidento" kandidatebisa da opoziciis warsul danaSaulebriv qmedebebs rom Tavi davaneboT, dRevandeli maTi qmedeba danaSaulisa da Ralatis tolfasia! sworded eseni uqmnian safuZvels arsebuli diqtaturis SenarCunebasa da gaxangrZlivebas! amaT rom Wkua, azri da goneba hqondeT, ar daTanxmdebodnen miSas Semogorebul Sxamian satyuaras? "kandidaturebis" wamoyeneba ki ara, boikoti unda gamoecxadebinaT yovelgvari arCevnebisTvis. am codvis Svilebs hgoniaT, rom im erTkviriani Saxsei-vaxseiT daasustes "xelisufleba" da "prezidenti", ara da saqme piriqiTaa, mwvane gza gauxsnes! ai,Aajoba im "uwignurma" am "akademikosebs!! saZageli sicruea amaT xelSi "arCevnebis" Tavisuflebaze da demokratiulobaze saubari. rao, saerTaSoriso damkvirveblebi Camodiano? axla ki wasulia miSas saqme xelidano? gana isini SevardnaZis "arCevnobanobis" dros ar Camodiodnen saqarTveloSi mediatorebad, gana isini ar udasturebdnen SevardnaZes gayalbebuli arCevnebis oqmebs? gana im gayalbebuli oqmebis Sedegad bevri amaTgani ar ikalaTebda ministrebis savarZelSi? maSin ratom ar stexdnen gniass da davidarabas? aq im farsTan ara gvaqvs saubari, romlis Sedegadac miSa Semosves prezidentis savarZels. visac amaTi laiTaiebis sjera, is an goneba sustia an gaiZvera da TaRliTia! sicrue da gamcemlobaa yovelive is, rac dRes saqarTvelosi xdeba da rac moxdeba xval!

dasasruls erTi ramis Sesaxebac msurs rom giamboT: 2 noembridan 7 noembramde mravalsgzis SevecadeT, rom "opoziciis" tele-ekranidan oriode wuTiT moecaT CvenTvis Cveni azris gamoxatvis SesaZlebloba. TiTqmis mTeli kviris manZilze vcdilobdiT, magram amaod. maTTvisac miuRebeli aRmoCnda Cveni mosazrebebi. simarTle giTxraT, ar movelodiT amgvars, maTi damokidebuleba da satelefono saubrebi Seuracmyofeli iyo. isterikaSi Cavardnilni gvikiodnen, Tqveni adgili rusTavi 2-ia da iq darekeTo, ara da bevri maTgani im telekompaniaSi rom muSaobda, Cven maSinac ar gvexateboda gulze, Tundac daarsebis dRidanve. eWvi am televiziis sulis siwmindeSic Segvepara, Segvepara ki ara, davrwmundiT, rom maTi "mowinaaRmdege" telekompaniisgan arc eseni gansxvavdebodnen bevriT. gvesmis, rom patiosani adamiani waqceulebs wixlebiT ar Telavs, magram esec xom realobaa. Cven maSin im gausaZlis yofaSi Cavardnil xalxs vgulSematkivrobdiT da ara am iwilo-biwilos organizatorebsa da im umoralo moralistebs, romlebic TavianT Tavs inteligencias uwodeben da Cveulebisamebr moZRvravdnen xalxs. ex, mageni ar hyoloda saqarTvelos da dRes bednirebi viqnebodiT naRdad.

visxediT tele-ekranis win da iq moqneuli rezinis xelketi Cvens sxeuls xvdeboda, iq gasrolili rezinis tyvia - Cvens guls gmiravda, iq gaSvebulma gazma Cvenc mogviwamla suli! guls isic gviklavda, rom amaT gadamkideT arc mwyemsi keTili gyavdaT, gzaabneul faras. ar gyavdaT is, visac dedamiwa unda Seezanzarebina, ara marto Tqveni umowyalo darbevis gamo, aramed RvTis saxlis mowamvlisa da Sebilwvis gamo, im saxlisa, romelsac usindisod dapatronebia qvabavazaki. sindisis qenjna gvwvavda, imaT Soris rom ar viyaviT. ara imaT mitingebze marTlac ar mividodiT, xolo im brZolis vels ki, RmerTia mowame, namdvilad ar davakldebodiT, radgan iq isev da isev Cveni motyuebuli mSobeli xalxi igvemeboda.

iqneb es trafaretulad JRerdes, iqneb vinmem aqeT dagvamunaTos - wadiT, daikargeT Tqve samSoblodan gaqceuleboo! magram Cven imitom gadavixveweT, rom es xalxi maSin xelisuflebis eSelonebSi grialebda, xolo maT mxardamWer SevardnaZis ordenosan inteligencias ca qudad ar miaCnda da dedamiwa qalamnad! Rrmad pativcemulo inteligenciav, ra gaakeTe imisaTvis, rom Cven, ubralo, usaxelo da uCinmedlo qarTvelebi ucxo miwaze ar gadavxvewiliyaviT? iSviaTi gamonaklisis garda, romelma Tqvenganma miabruna Tundac im dReebSi SevardnaZis boZebuli orden-medlebi? Cven imitom gadavixveweT, rom Tqven grialebdiT Cvens samSobloSi, Cven imitom gadavixveweT, rom Tqven darCiT Cvens mamulSi! sindisis mqone TqvenTagani Cven gagvaswrebda.

iyo samSobloSi da wagRliton samSoblo, iyo samSobloSi da Tvalsa da xelsSua gikvdebodes samSoblo, emigrantobaze saSinelia aTasjer! emigrantobis sasjeli ki Tavad vikisreT, nurvis egoneba mand darCenilebze ukeTesi cxovreba da yofa gvqondes romelimes. aqauri cxovreba sxvisi moaxleobaa! mand mamulis moaxleoba gvsurda da ar dagvacadeT! Cven ki araviTar mentorobaze da moralistobazed ar vdebT Tavs, ara, ubralod SevecadeT Cveni gulisnadebi gadmogvetana qaRaldzed, ise wminda ilia marTliseulad: "moyvares pirSi uZraxe"-o. Sen ki, Cveno sayvarelo xalxo asjer metad gviyvarxarT, geferebiT da gulSi gixutebT! vaJasebr vloculobT TqvenTvis:

"xars vgevar naialaRars, miwas rqebiT vxnav, vbubuneb,

RmerTo samSoblo micocxle, ZilSiac amas vbubuneb"

es momologi ki isev iliaseulad gvinda rom davamTavroT:

"marad da yvelgan saqarTvelov, mevar SenTana,

mevaro Seni Tanamdevi ukvdavi suli"

vloculobT, RmerTs vevedrebiT, raTa bednier saqarTvelos Segvaswros ufalma, Cven ki Tundac aq gagviTxaron ZvalTSesalagi, mainc bednierni mivabarebT Cvens codvil sulebs mamazeciers, dae man gansajos yovelive - vin marTalia, vin ara, vin alalia vin ara.

windawin gilocavT karsmomdgar aRdgomas. Wiris cremli sixarulis cremlad SegcvlodeT, es gausaZlisi - sulier netarebad da aRmafrenaT geqceT, gvar-jilagi dagilocoT da gimravloT macxovarma! amin!

alali siyvaruliTa da gausaZlisi monatrebiT,

aleqsandre sanduxaZe

avstria