Georgian Surnames

Grigol Robakidze

Writer, Poet, Philosopher

Grigol Robakidze was born on October 28, 1882 in the village Sviri (Imereti region, Western Georgia). In 1900 he graduated from the Kutaisi Georgian Gymnasium. Robakidze graduated from the University of Leipzig (Germany) and the University of Tartu (Estonia).

In 1917 he was one of the founders of the Union of Georgian Writers. He was member of the Presidium of this Union. In 1918-1921 Robakidze was a member of the Editorial Board of the Georgian newspaper "Sakartvelo" ("Georgia"). In 1919 he participated in the Paris Conference as a member and secretary of the Delegation of the Government of the Democratic Republic of Georgia.

In February 25, 1921, Georgia was occupied by the Soviet Russia. In 1921-1930 Robakidze was active participant of the National-liberation movement of Georgia.

Since 1931 he was emigre. Since 1941 Robakidze was one of the leaders of the "Committee of Independence of Georgia" and since 1942 one of the founders of the Georgian National Political organization - Union of Georgian Traditionalists. He was also a member of the Georgian political organization Tetri Giorgi (White George). Robakidze lived in Germany (1931-1945) and Switzerland (1945-1962). He was active member of the European Association of Writers and member of the Editorial Board of the scientific and literary journal "Bedi Kartlisa" ("Le destin de la Georgie", Paris). His important literary and scientific works were published in Georgian, Russian, German, Czech and French languages.

Grigol Robakidze died on November 19, 1962, in Geneva. He was reburied in village Levile (France).

Main novels and articles of Grigol Robakidze:

  • "Georgian poet Vazha Pshavela".-"Russkaya Mysl", August, 1911 (in Russian)
  • "Georgian Modernism".-Russian journal "ARS", Tbilisi, 1918 (in Russian)
  • "Portraits", Tbilisi, 1919 (in Russian)
  • "Lamara", Tbilisi, 1928 (in Georgian)
  • "Das Schlangenhemd". Ed. by Stefan Zweig, Jena, 1928 (in German)
  • "Megi - Ein georgisches Mädchen", Tübingen, 1932 (in German)
  • "Die gemordete Seele", Jena, 1933 (in German)
  • "Vrazdena Duse", Prague, 1934 (in Czech)
  • "Der Ruf der Göttin", Jena, 1934 (in German),
  • "Die Hüter des Grals", Jena, 1937 (in German),
  • "Dämon und Mythos", Jena, 1935 (in German)
  • "Kaukasische Novellen", Leipzig, 1932; München, 1979 (In German)
  • "La Georgie en son image du monde".- "Bedi Kartlisa"- Le destin de la Georgie", No 16, Paris, 1954 (in French)
  • "Vom Weltbild der Georgier".- "Atlantis", October, 1961, Zürich (in German)
  • "Hymne an Orpheus" (Poem).- "Grirol Robakidze", Munich, 1984 (in German).

Robakidze published also many important works about Friedrich Nietzsche and articles about the history of Georgian literature.

 

iberiana@posta.ge