**Nikoloz (Niko)
Muskhelishvili** was
born on Februari 16, 1891.

In 1914 he graduated from
the **St. Petersburg University** (**Russia**).
In 1917-1920 Muskhelishvili was Assistant Professor
of this University, in 1920-1922 - Associate
Professor of the Tbilisi State University (TSU), in 1922-1976 - a Professor of
TSU, in 1941-1972 - first President of the Georgian Academy of Sciences (GAS), in 1972-1976 - Honorary
President of GAS.

In 1939 Muskhelishvili was
elected as **Academician** (Full Member)
of the **Academy of Sciences of USSR**
(now the **Russian Academy of Science**).

Since 1956 he was a member
of the **International Committee of Congreses
on Applied Mechanics**.

Since 1960 a member of the
Bureau of the **International Union on
Theoretical and Applied Mechanics**.

In 1969 he received the **International
Prize "Modesto Panetti"** of the **Turin
Academy of Sciences** (**Italy**),
in 1970 a Gold Medal of the **Slovakian Academy
of Sciences**, in 1972 - a **Lomonosov
Gold Medal**.

Muskhelishvili was author of
outstanding scientific works in the fields of
singular integral equations, mathematical physics,
theory of elasticity, etc.

**Muskhelishvili **died on July 16, 1976.

*Some of main
works: *

- "Some basic
problems of mathematical theory of
elasticity",
*Groningen, P. Noordhoff*,
1953, (a monograph)
- "Singular integral
equations",
*Groningen, P. Noordhoff*,
1953 (a monograph)