He was born in the village Variani
(district of Gori). Studied in Gori
, then in Tbilisi, then at the ecclesiastical Academy
in Kiev (capital of Ukraine). He learnt branches of
science, got acquainted with the works of Darvin,
Pestallozy, Kamensky, Rousseau, Ushinsky.
strove ot make literary language accessible for the
Georgian people. He was the first to work out a new
theory on upbringing, education and methods of
teaching. In the different times he worked as a
teacher, school-inspector, fought act ively against
physical puchishment in schools. As a result of it,
he created unique text-books: "Dedaena"
(Mother Tongue), "ABC Book", "Bunebis
Kari" (Key to the Nature). "Dedaena"
is taught at Georgian schools up till now.