Georgian Surnames

Lia Eliava


Born May 28, 1934, in Tbilisi, Georgia.

The People's Artist of Georgia (1975).

Actress - filmography: Only Death Is Bound to Come (1992); Full Circle (Oromtriali) (1986); Bagration (1985); Chiora (1984); Tsigni pitsisa (1984) (TV); Cheers, My Dear! (1981); Cinema (1978); Data Tutashkhia (1977) (TV); Night Visit (1974) (TV); Lazare (1973) (TV) - Stepmother; See Wolf (1973) - Mariami; Saroyan Brothers (1969) - Taguhi; Spring Comes Soon (1967) - Nato; City Awakes Early (1967) - Melita; See the Sun (1965) - Qeto; Children of Sea (1964) - Leila; Bonfire (1961) - Irma; Mameluke (1958) - Zeinabi; Woman's Destiny (1957) - Qeto; Bashi-Achuki (1956) - Mzisa and Mtvarisa; Shadow on the Way (1956) - Nino and etc.


George Eliava

George Eliava was born on January 13,1892, in the village Sachkhere (Western Georgia).

1909 - graduated from the Medical faculty of the Novorosiisk University.

1912-14 graduated from The Jeneva University.

1916 - graduated from the Medical faculty of the Moscow University.

1916 - head of the Trabzon bacteriological laboratory.

1917 - head of the Tbilisi bacteriological laboratory.

In 1918-21 and 1926-27 he worked at the Paris Pasteur Institute where he came across with Prof. Felix D'Herelle (the discoverer of bacteriophages).

In 1923 Prof. George Eliava founded the Bacteriological institute on the base of a bacteriological laboratory. From the beginning it was known as the Institute of Microbiology and Eliava was its first director

Felix D'Herelle  and George EliavaG. Eliava got excited by D'Herelle's original ideas in the field of Experimental Medicine. Eventually, in 1926, a large area (17 hectares) on the right bank of the river Mtkvari was allotted to the Institute. It was the first institute in the former Soviet Union to deal with bacteriophage. According to the program, this was intended to be the World Centre of Bacteriophage Research, with both scientific and industrial parts, to be supplied by in-house experimental clinics.

From 1927 - held the chair of Higiene of the TSU medical faculty.

From 1929 - held the chair of Microbiology of the TSU medical faculty.

In 1934 the Tbilisi Black Death Centre was founded under the leadership of G. Eliava.

In 1937 Prof. Eliava was arrested as a "People's Enemy" and soon executed. He shared the tragic fate of the majority of Georgian and Russian progressive intellectuals.

In 1988 the Institute was rearranged and entered the Scientific Industrial Union "Bacteriophage" (SIU "Bacteriophage"), and its scientific part was honored to be named George Eliava's Research Institute of Bacteriophage.

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