Prince Ilia G.
Chavchavadze (Saint Ilia the
Righteous) was the creator of new Georgian
literature, a famous public benefactor, a jurist, and
a leader of the Georgia's
National-liberation movement in 1861-1907.
He was born on October 27,1837, in the village Kvareli
(East Georgia), where now is nis house-museum.
Graduated from Tbilisi Classical Gimnasium, then
entered and graduated from faculty of law of the
He was the author of many outstanding Georgian
literary works ("The Hermit",
"The Ghost", "Is
a Human a Man?!", "The
Othar's Widow", "The
Robber Kako", etc.) and important
journalistic papers. Since 1863 Ilia Chavchavadze was
founder and editor-in-chief of Georgian public and
political periodicals "Sakartvelos Moambe"
(1863-1877) and "Iveria" (1877-1905). He
founder and chairman of many public, cultural and
educational organizations ("The Society on the
Dissemination of Literacy Among Georgians",
"The Bank of the Nobility", "The
Dramatic Society", "The
Historical-Ethnographical Society of Georgia",
etc.). He was also a translator of British
literature. His main literary works were translated
and published in French, English, German,
Polish, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Russian and
In 1906-1907 he was a member of the State Council
(Gosudarstvennaya Duma) of the
Ilia Chavchavadze was a member of: the Caucasian
Committee of the Geographical Society of Russia, the
Society of Ethnography and Anthropology of the Moscow
University, the Society of Orientalists of Russia,
the Anglo-Russian Literary Society (London), etc.
On August 30, 1907 Ilia Chavchavadze was
assassinated by Georgian social-democrats.
In 1987 Ilia Chavchavadze was Sainted by the Georgian
Orthodox and Apostolic Church.