Lavrenti Beria was born in 29 March,
1899 in Merkheuli, Georgia. He was Soviet Communist
leader. He began his career in Georgia in the Cheka
(secret police) in Georgia and the Transcaucasus,
became party secretary in these areas, and in 1938
became head of the secret police KGB, during much of
As commissar (later minister) of
internal affairs, Beria wielded great power, and he
was the first in this post to become (1946) a member
of the politburo.
After Stalin's death (Mar., 1953),
Beria was made first deputy premier under Premier
Malenkov, but the alliance was shaky; in the ensuing
struggle for power Beria was arrested (July) on
charges of conspiracy. He and six alleged accomplices
were tried secretly and shot in 23 December, 1953.