The Georgian poet Nikoloz
(Tato) Baratashvili was born on 4
December 1817 in Tbilisi, to the
family of impoverished aristocrat, who was a loyal
servant of the empero. His mother, Efemia, the
sister of Grigol
Orbeliani, was the granddaughter of Erekle II.
He was taught by Solomon
Dodashvili, who influenced him
greatly, in a Tbilisi gymnasium from 1827-1835.
Because his family had little money, he was
unable to fulfill his desire to continue his
education in Russia. Due to a bodily defect, he
also was unable to march in the front-line forces, as
he wished to do. With the threat of poverty looming
over his family, he was forced to start working as an
ordinary clerk. Baratashvili also had a
dramatic private life, including intense involvement
Chavchavadze. All this left
deep marks on the poets soul, as is reflected
in his private letters.
On 21 October 1844, at the age of 27,
Baratashvili died with of malaria. Baratashvilis
re-interment in 1893 in Tbilisi (from Gandja) took
the form of a national celebration. Since 1938
his ashes have lain in the Mtastminda
The volume of Baratashvili's creative work is not
big - 37 verses and poem all-in-all, though these
works are sufficient to mention his name together
with Byron, Omar Chaiam, Pushkin, Mizkewicz, Lorca.
The pearl of his work is his poem "Merani"
where the author brilliantly grounded the necessity
of systematic, continuous renewal of
life.Baratashvili couldn't imagine life as somebody's
"private property", to his mind, life is
good only when it is spent for one's motherland, for
The poet dreamt to live his life so that the
generation could take the way he paved for them. And
he addresses his "Merani".
To Baratashvili's pen belong such masterpieces of
Georgian peotry as: "Merani",
"Twilight over Mtatsminda",
"Meditation of the Banks of the River
Mtkvari", "The Blue Sky", a
poem "Fate of Georgia"
and others. They are translated into many foreign
languages and the languages of the peoples of former